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GEO 208 (2)
Midterm

GEO 208 Midterm Study Notes.abw

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Department
Geography
Course
GEO 208
Professor
sautmagupta
Semester
Winter

Description
abiword▯PUBLIC▯"▯//ABISOURCE//DTD▯AWML▯1.0▯Strict//EN"▯"http://www.abi source.com/awml.dtd"> application/x▯abiword AbiWord LECTURE▯1 What▯is▯Urban▯Geography? People▯<▯▯▯▯▯▯▯>▯Enviroment Urban▯geography▯i s▯the▯study▯of▯areas▯which▯have▯a▯high▯concentration▯of▯buildings▯and▯infrastruc ture.▯These▯are▯areas▯where▯the▯majority▯of▯economic▯activities▯are▯in▯the▯secon dary▯sector▯and▯tertiary▯sectors.▯They▯often▯have▯a▯high▯population▯density.< /c> Urban▯geography▯i s▯that▯branch▯of▯science,▯which▯deals▯with▯the▯study▯of▯urban▯areas,▯in▯terms▯of ▯concentration,▯infrastructure,▯economy,▯and▯environmental▯impacts. What▯is▯Inter▯and▯Intra▯Urban▯G eography? The▯interurban▯se ction▯deals▯with▯linkages▯and▯interaction▯between▯cities▯on▯a▯regional,▯national ▯and▯global▯scale.▯The▯intraurban▯portion▯concentrates▯on▯the▯urban▯form▯of▯the▯ individual▯city▯and▯how▯transportation,▯housing▯and▯economics▯shape▯the▯individu al▯city.▯By▯studying▯these▯different▯areas,▯students▯gain▯a▯greater▯understandin g▯of▯the▯forces▯that▯shape▯urban▯areas▯and▯the▯complexity▯found▯within▯these▯are as. What▯is▯meant▯▯by▯patterns▯and▯distinctivness? It▯essentially▯m eans▯that▯you▯want▯to▯know▯the▯distinctiveness▯of▯individual▯places▯and▯the▯regu larities▯or▯patterns▯within▯and▯between▯cities. *▯Note:▯Distinct iveness▯▯▯Individual,▯Regularities▯▯▯Collective. How▯has▯Urban▯Geography▯changed▯over▯time? ▯▯Data▯availabil ity ▯▯Technological▯ tools▯to▯analyse▯data ▯▯Changing▯socia l▯values ▯▯▯Changing▯in▯c ities▯▯▯nature▯of▯Urbanisation Central▯Themes▯of▯Urban▯Geography Space ▯▯An▯abstract▯id ea ▯▯Exists▯in▯vari ous▯forms▯▯>▯economic,▯political▯and▯social▯contexts ▯Product▯of▯econ omic,▯political▯and▯social▯contexts ▯▯Produce▯(facto r)▯economic,▯political▯and▯social▯changes ▯▯Not▯just▯a▯med ium,▯it▯is▯factor▯that▯influences▯pattern▯of▯urban▯development Territoriality ▯Influences▯indi vidual▯and▯group▯behaviour▯▯▯spatial▯patterns ▯▯Spatial▯patter ns▯affect▯individual▯and▯group▯patterns ▯▯Surveillance▯p lays▯a▯big▯role▯in▯marking▯pe ▯s▯eterritories ▯▯Territories▯ar e▯about▯power,▯representation,▯symbolism ▯▯Important▯to▯g eography▯since▯it▯shapes▯individual▯and▯group▯behaviour▯that▯creates▯distinct▯sp atial▯settings Distance▯ ▯▯Regulates▯acce ss▯▯▯goods▯and▯services▯(amenities▯and▯opportunities) ▯▯Affects▯intera ctions▯▯▯economic▯(producer▯consumer),▯social▯(ethnic▯and▯religious▯groups)▯and▯ political ▯▯The▯further▯yo u▯are▯from▯resources▯the▯more▯of▯a▯disadvantage▯you▯have ▯▯Affects▯the▯be haviour▯of▯both▯producers▯and▯▯consumers/influences▯patterns▯of▯social▯and▯econo mic▯interaction Place ▯▯Scale▯▯▯The▯b asis▯of▯urban▯analysis/research ▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯D ifferences▯between▯localities▯and▯regions ▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯▯D istinctiveness▯of▯localities▯and▯regions ▯▯Sense▯of▯plac e▯▯▯identity ▯Place▯is▯about ▯scale ▯▯Social,▯psych ological▯process ▯There▯are▯ofte n▯power▯struggles▯in▯places ▯The▯distinctiv eness▯of▯a▯particular▯metropolitan▯area Theoretical▯Approaches *Note:▯Positivi sm▯(Quantitative),▯Ethnography▯(Qualitative) ▯Era Type▯of▯Philosophy Background Research▯Method 1950 ▯Descriptive 1.▯Settlement▯Geography▯(Location▯of▯settlements) 2.▯Morphology▯of▯Cities Enviromental/Physical▯Determinism▯▯▯the▯view▯that▯the▯phys ical▯environment▯sets▯limits▯on▯human▯environment. 1950s▯1960s Spatial▯Analysis Science▯of▯urban▯▯spatial▯organization▯and▯spatial▯r elationships Positivism▯▯A▯d octrine▯contending▯that▯sense▯perceptions▯are▯the▯only▯admissible▯basis▯of▯human ▯knowledge▯and▯precise▯thought. 1970s Behavioural Individidual▯Activities Decision▯Making▯Processes (Micro▯Scale) Positivism,▯Social▯Psychology,▯Social▯Philosophy Humanistic Subjective▯Experiences (Micro▯Scale) Ethnography▯(focus▯groups),▯Participant▯Observation▯ (live▯with▯people▯were▯studying) 1970s▯and▯1980s Structuralist Effects▯of▯structural▯economic▯changes▯and▯political ▯changes (Macro▯scale)▯on ▯▯s▯choices▯and▯constraints▯(Micro ▯scale) Ehtnography,▯Participant▯observation
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