GEO509 - Lecture #3.docx

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Department
Global Management Studies
Course Code
GMS 401
Professor
Kirk Bailey

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• GEO509 – Food, Place, Identitth Lecture #3 – Wednesday, September 11  2013 • Adverbial approaches to the geography of food • - the geography of food is about who eats what, why and where - the oldest documented human behaviour; picking teeth - the basic enterprise of human activity is to secure food and water - the primary human activity is fishing, farming (agriculture), and hunting - nothing takes up more land than farming - we have changed the appearance of landscape; most obvious evidence has involved farming - 250 million farmers around the world; numbers are going down dramatically certainly in Canada - number of farms go down, number of farmers go up - enormous range of animals and plants we eat - as humans, we have settled about 1000 different types of plants - human nutrition derives from a group of 1000 plants - in terms in commercial liability and suitability for raising as a crop in some kind of agriculture enterprise, we have established over 1000 different types of plants (farmers have concentrated on this) - the earth’s land surface (about one third of the planet) is involved in agriculture - today, the figures are between 40 and 45 percent of the global working population is involved in agriculture - in Canada, about 2% of our population is involved in agriculture - Canada is one of the great farm nations of the planet - we have sufficient agriculture land that can only be used for pasture - Canada has a fairly high percentage of farm land that can be used to grow crops - Canada is one of the very few food exporting nations - we import a lot of food as opposed to export - one farmer can feed about 50 people - most Western agriculture is efficient in farming - if you look at how we got here, agriculture is a relatively new invention/enterprise - we have no instinct to farm - for almost the whole global population, around 10,000 years ago, things began to change - agriculture as a concept is a fundamental way of living - agriculture began 10,000 years ago, it began at a variety of places in human history - civilization has applied increasing sophistication - agriculture does two things; more reliable and increases security, enhances/elevates the capacity of our population - agriculture enables to derive/extract more food value out of what nature provides - it is intuitively obvious, if you take a look at the fundamental aspects what constitutes your average daily meal, it has to do with agriculture and the technology applied to certain crops - without agriculture and without cooking we do not have enormous diversity - agriculture forces society to change -agricultural society requires to have land ownership -organize in such a way it requires to have ownership unlike hunting - Aboriginals didn’t understand the concept of private property - this allowed them to develop cooperation and defense - agriculture requires a social organization and create a society - oxen (castrated bull) were really important (owned by more than one farmer) - grown to be stronger, larger, and faster - veal: male hostein - people are furious about genetic manipulation - we have manipulated nature - in the dark ages in western Europe - began 750 years BC - 1500 AD everything changed; the knowledge of farming was lost - during the dark ages the repository of knowledge and the concept of food was in convents - shark truce, Benedictine were brewed during dark ages (liquor) - each country develop a cuisine that is most efficient to produce - what can a country furnish in terms of nature - diets are correlated to a country’s climate
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