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HST 501 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Habeas Corpus Act 1679, Royal African Company, Granville Sharp

Course Code
HST 501
Peter Wronski
Study Guide

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Lecture 1 Key Terms
American Civil War: April 12, 1861 April 9, 1865
The Modern Wars:
Crimea (1854-1856) - Britain V Russia control of religious rights
American Civil War (1861-1865)
Austro-Prussian (1866)
- 7 weeks war Germany V Austria German unification
Franco-Prussian (1870-1871) - France v Prussia
Colonial Imperial Wars I (1880s-1910s)
World War I (1914-1918)
World War II (1939-1945)
Korea (1950 1953) - Korea V UN - division of Korea
Vietnam (1959 1975) - North communism V South (US) Vietnam
Iraq I (1991) - Britain & US, gulf war, Iraq invaded Kuwait
Iraq II (2003 -- ?)
Civil War Casualties
~620,000 Union and Confederate soldiers
United States of America (USA)
120,000 killed in action
240,000 died of other causes
~360,000 TOTAL Union dead and/or missing
Confederate States (CSA)
95,000 killed in action
165,000 died of other causes
~260,000 TOTAL Confederate dead and/or missing.
William Seward
- US secretary under Lincoln, opponent of slavery republican
- history of history, as we assess the past we change the future

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irrepressible-conflict’ -Stuart: have to go to war b/c of the evil of slavery
“Future Shock” - too much change in too little time
agricultural vs industrial civilization industrial north, agrarian south
economic determinism
- social matters have their roots in the relations of production
Second American Revolution
- The first American Revolution spanned from 1775 to 1783, after which the
United States received recognition of independence
Hacker-Beard Thesis
- civil war achievement was the triumph of industrial capitalism
free-labor ideal - slaves would replace the working poor
neo-Confederate - positive belief system towards the south
revisionists revision of historical events
Constitutional Federalism(those who favour a common federal government) vs State Rights
- Slave trade in Africa
Slavs were bought in Africa for guns cotton and beer, then brought to NA
and traded for rice and sugar which was then shipped to England which is
what poor factory workers bought.
- Lincoln was the first president killed in office
Lecture 2 Key Terms
St. Paul (Ephesians 6:5) “ obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh,
with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ.”
King Tegbesu of Dahomey sold slaves in Africa made 250,000
1710 European slave traders paid £17 pounds per slave ($2,700 today)
1760 £20 pounds ($3,200)
Slaves sold for £28 £35 ( $4,480 - $5,600) in Virginia 1700-1750
Captain John Hawkins 1562

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- Went to buy slaves but needed queens permission, she said he was not allowed
to take slaves against their will
- He raided Spanish ships and took their slaves
- Sold slaves on black market for spices and hides
- Received a huge profit and was knighted
Royal African Company (RAC) slave trade company transported slaves
Slave Code
- were laws which each US state, or colony, enacted which defined the status of
slaves and the rights of masters
- Such codes gave slave-owners absolute power over their human property.
Asciento right to sell slaves in spain this right was bidded
South Seas Company won the bid the paid 7.5M pounds
Bence Island (Bunce Island)
- run by Scottish people and protected by Britain
- where slaves arrived and were sorted for distribution
Slaves transported into the Thirteen Colonies (primarily Virginia and the Carolinas
1700-1725: 37,000
1726-1750: 96,000
1751-1775: 116,900
total of 263,200 prior to American Revolution of 1776
Quakers (Religious Society of Friends)
Northern slaves were skilled labourers and housemaids this worried the English so they
taxed slave owners and put new laws
Justinian Code (Justinian's Institutes)
- slaves are 1.Born into it 2. Attained through conquest 3. sell yourself
Magna Karta limits the rights of kings
Sir William Blackstone Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765-1769)
- says no double jeopardy
- cant charge you if it wasn’t a law when you did it
- says slaves should have rights and be free once on English land he then
changes this once he realises the economic inpact
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