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Key terms + definitions All the key terms along with definitions for material covered up to the midterm

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HST 501
Peter Wronski

Lecture 1 Key Terms Introduction American Civil War: April 12, 1861 April 9, 1865 The Modern Wars: Crimea (1854-1856) - Britain V Russia control of religious rights American Civil War (1861-1865) Austro-Prussian (1866) - 7 weeks war Germany V Austria German unification Franco-Prussian (1870-1871) - France v Prussia Colonial Imperial Wars I (1880s-1910s) World War I (1914-1918) World War II (1939-1945) Korea (1950 1953) - Korea V UN - division of Korea Vietnam (1959 1975) - North communism V South (US) Vietnam Iraq I (1991) - Britain & US, gulf war, Iraq invaded Kuwait Iraq II (2003 -- ?) Civil War Casualties ~620,000 Union and Confederate soldiers United States of America (USA) 120,000 killed in action 240,000 died of other causes ~360,000 TOTAL Union dead and/or missing Confederate States (CSA) 95,000 killed in action 165,000 died of other causes ~260,000 TOTAL Confederate dead and/or missing. William Seward - US secretary under Lincoln, opponent of slavery republican Historiography - history of history, as we assess the past we change the future irrepressible-conflict -Stuart: have to go to war b/c of the evil of slavery Future Shock - too much change in too little time agricultural vs industrial civilization industrial north, agrarian south economic determinism - social matters have their roots in the relations of production Second American Revolution - The first American Revolution spanned from 1775 to 1783, after which the United States received recognition of independence Hacker-Beard Thesis - civil war achievement was the triumph of industrial capitalism free-labor ideal - slaves would replace the working poor neo-Confederate - positive belief system towards the south revisionists revision of historical events Constitutional Federalism(those who favour a common federal government) vs State Rights - Slave trade in Africa Slavs were bought in Africa for guns cotton and beer, then brought to NA and traded for rice and sugar which was then shipped to England which is what poor factory workers bought. - Lincoln was the first president killed in office Lecture 2 Key Terms St. Paul (Ephesians 6:5) obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ. King Tegbesu of Dahomey sold slaves in Africa made 250,000 1710 European slave traders paid 17 pounds per slave ($2,700 today) 1760 20 pounds ($3,200) Slaves sold for 28 35 ( $4,480 - $5,600) in Virginia 1700-1750 Captain John Hawkins 1562 - Went to buy slaves but needed queens permission, she said he was not allowed to take slaves against their will - He raided Spanish ships and took their slaves - Sold slaves on black market for spices and hides - Received a huge profit and was knighted Royal African Company (RAC) slave trade company transported slaves Slave Code - were laws which each US state, or colony, enacted which defined the status of slaves and the rights of masters - Such codes gave slave-owners absolute power over their human property. Asciento right to sell slaves in spain this right was bidded South Seas Company won the bid the paid 7.5M pounds Bence Island (Bunce Island) - run by Scottish people and protected by Britain - where slaves arrived and were sorted for distribution Slaves transported into the Thirteen Colonies (primarily Virginia and the Carolinas 1700-1725: 37,000 1726-1750: 96,000 1751-1775: 116,900 total of 263,200 prior to American Revolution of 1776 Quakers (Religious Society of Friends) Northern slaves were skilled labourers and housemaids this worried the English so they taxed slave owners and put new laws Justinian Code (Justinian's Institutes) - slaves are 1.Born into it 2. Attained through conquest 3. sell yourself Magna Karta limits the rights of kings Sir William Blackstone Commentaries on the Laws of England (1765-1769) - says no double jeopardy - cant charge you if it wasnt a law when you did it - says slaves should have rights and be free once on English land he then changes this once he realises the economic inpact Habeas Corpus Act 1679 have body to produce the body - a judge can have a prisoner be brought before him Jonathan Strong Case - 17 yr old slave beaten by owner and left to die in the streets - He awakes and is injured people see this and help him get to a doctor - Sharp owns a clinic, his brother is outraged - Sharp brothers help him and get him a good job - 2yrs later Jons owner sells him without him knowing - New owner arrests him and wants to ship him away Granville Sharp - Gets Jon a lawyer - Lost in favour of the slave owner 1772 Mansfield decision cant ban slavery and cant make it legal Zong ship carrying slaves - Gets lost at sea & slaves start dying - To claim insurance they throw slaves overboard (sacrifice property) - Insurance didnt payout - Gregson v. Gilbert (1783) - insurance company(Gilbert) win because they didnt actually have to throw slaves overboard, they miscalculated their supplies Abolition of the Slave Trade Act (1807) -England, slave Trade is banned Slavery Abolition Act (1833)- England, slavery is banned
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