Therac-25 Decision Analysis (Final Exam)

61 views4 pages
1of 4
Decision Analysis Template
Facts (grounds)
Stakeholders Impact
Risks/Consequences
Machine can provide 2 types of radiation
therapy (X-ray & electron)
It relied heavily on the system’s software
for controlling safety
It malfunctioned by giving fatal dose of
radiation to patient
No warning or error message displayed
when malfunction occurred
After first incident happened, AECL did
not conduct a full investigation
To keep costs under control, Therac-25 did
not have interlocking which prevented
accidental overdoses
Shareholders of AECL may not invest any longer
Patients will lose trust from the hospitals where the
accidents occurred since they were negligent in
solving the issue
Operators will probably be more reluctant in using
new technology at hospitals
Technicians may lose jobs as they were not
properly checking the issue of the machine
AECL may lose profit in future as hospitals might
not buy their products
AELC may end up paying a lot of fines &
compensation to patients as they file lawsuits
against them
Their reputation will decline in the market as a
result they might lose clients
May have to lay off employees in the company
Other suppliers who supply parts to AECL may
suffer as well
Backings
Professional Standards
Roles &
Responsibilities
Policies
Virtues
Rights
Utility
Cost/Benefit
Duties
Software
developers of
AECL must
accept full
responsibility
for their own
work
Software
developers
must approve
softwares
only if it is
safe, meets
specifications,
passes
appropriate
tests & does
not harm the
user
They must
cooperate to
address public
AECL is
responsible
for the proper
testing of the
machine
before being
used publicly
They are also
responsible
for notifying
the hospitals
about
previous
problems with
machines
AECL’s
software
developers is
responsible
for addressing
the issues
once it
occurred after
AECL must
ensure their
employees
adhere to the
Software
Engineering
Code of
Ethics &
Professional
Practice
AECL must
also follow
the FDA
guidelines &
government
rules &
regulations of
machines
Operators
must also
follow the
Codes of
Conduct of
Software
developers
integrity &
honesty
regarding
Therac-25
technical
issues must
be
communicate
d to the
hospital so
that more
accidents
doesn’t occur
AECL must
be honest
regarding the
issues of
Therac-25
that happened
in other
places & must
Patients have
the rights to
the
compensation
they deserve
from the harm
they received
as a result of
the improper
operation of
Therac-25
Patient’s
family have
right to
receive
compensation
in case patient
died as a
result of
Therac-25
Operators
also have the
right to
AECL may
have to pay
huge amounts
of money in
compensation
to patients
AECL also
might to have
to pay
compensation
to hospitals
since they
may lose
future patients
as result of
Therac-25
May pay
extra fines to
government
for not
following
proper
regulations
AECL have a
duty of care
towards its
clients by
properly
educating
them about
any issues
regarding the
machine
They also
have duty of
care towards
technicians,
engineers &
operators by
training them
correctly &
educating
them about
the machine
inside out
AECL have
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

Grade+All Inclusive
$10 USD/m
You will be charged $120 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.