MHR 505 Study Guide - Absenteeism, Telecommuting, Workplace Violence

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17 Apr 2012
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CHAPTER 14 OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
STRATEGIC IMPORTANCE
Sign of how employees are treated health and safety management determinants
of employee perceptions regarded fair treatment
High amount of work related accidents… people are starting to think they are
inevitable
BASIC FACTS ABOUT OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY
LEGISLATION (OHS LEGISLATION)
Laws intended to protect the health and safety of workers by minimizing work-related
accidents and illnesses
three categories: i) general health and safety rules ii) rules for specific industries
iii) rules for specific hazards
RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS OF EMPLOYERS AND EMPLOYEES
Employers
due diligence: the responsibility to take reasonable precaution to ensure safety of
their workers
duties include: filing government accident reports, ensuring safety rules enforced,
posting safety notices and legislative informnation
Employees
responsible to protect own health and in most cases health of coworkers
wear protective clothing, equipment, report disobeyence of the law/regulations
rights
know about hazards on the job
participate in the health and safety process
refuse to work if they have a “reasonable cause” to believe it is dangerous
JOINT HEALTH AND SAFETY
COMMITTEES
provide an non-adversarial
environment for managers
and labour to work together
and ensure health and safety
in the work place
committee of usually 2-12 members half must be workers
ENFORRECMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY LAWS
in all jurisdictions law states that government inspectors to periodically carry out
safety inspections of work places without warrant or notice
corporate killing: offence by all persons who direct the work of other employees
and fail to ensure an appropriate level of safety in the workplace
CONTROL OF TOXIC SUBSTANCES
include chemicals, biohazards (airbourne diseases such as HIV/AIDS & SARS),
physical agents (radiation, heat, noise)
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS): Canada-wide,
legally mandated system designed to protect workers by providing information
about hazardous materials in the workplace
WHIMIS Legislation has three components
1. label the hazardous material containers
2. workers must be able to read the WHIMIS symbols and identify them, be
able to read and apply information on MSDS
3. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) must be used list of hazardous
ingredients in product and how to handle product
WHAT CAUSES ACCIDENTS?
1) Chance occurrences beyond control
2) Unsafe Conditions
Improper ventilation
Dysfunctional or defective equipment
No hazardous symbols placed on equipment
Unsafe storage (over crowded, congestion_
Improper illumination (glare, insufficient light)
other workplace related conditons include work itself, work schedule (fatigue),
psychological climate (stressed angry workers)
3)Unsafe Acts
PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS
Includes personality, motivation etc. regulate behavior can cause unsafe acts
Traits related to accident prevention
Vision, Literacy, Age, perceptual versus motor skills
HOW TO PREVENT ACCIDENTS
REDUCE UNSAFE CONDITIONS
Safety engineers can design jobs to reduce hazards, managers/supervisors can
ensure employees wear protective equipment etc.