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Study Guide

MHR 523 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Time, Performance Appraisal, Career Opportunities (Song)


Department
Human Resources
Course Code
MHR 523
Professor
Michael Halinski
Study Guide
Final

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MHR 523

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Chapter 14: Occupational Health and Safety
Examines how to protect the health and safety of workers by minimizing work-related
accidents and illnesses.
Strategic Importance of OHS
Workplace accidents can be prevented.
Investment in health and safety programs create bottom-line returns.
Changing Perspectives on Risk and Liability
Modern health and safety programs recognize that enhancing OHS requires cooperation
among multiple stakeholders.
Basic Facts Occupational Health and Safety
Employer Responsibilities
Take every precaution to ensure health and safety of workers (due diligence).
Specific duties include:
Filing government accident reports.
Maintaining records
Ensuring that safety rules are enforced.
Posting safety notices and legislative information.
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System
WHMIS legislation is based on 3 elements:
1. Labels designed to alert workers that the container contains a potentially hazardous product.
2. Materials safety data sheets (MSDSs) outlining a product’s potentially hazardous
ingredient(s) and procedures for safety handling the product.
3. Employee training
Employees Responsibilities and Rights
Take reasonable care to protect their own health and safety, and that of co-workers.
Includes wearing protective clothing & equipment, and reporting contravention of the
law.
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Basic rights:
To know about workplace safety hazards.
To participate in the OHS process.
To refuse unsafe work.
Workers cannot be punished for refusing unsafe work.
Refusal of unsafe work has some limitations.
Not all professions have this right (some exceptions).
Joint Health and Safety Committees
Non-adversarial atmosphere where management and labour can work together to
ensure a safe and healthy workplace.
Usually consists of between 2 and 12 members, at least half of whom represents
workers.
In small workplaces, one health and safety representative may be required.
Enforcement of OHS Laws
Periodic government inspections of workplace.
Penalties consist of fines and/or jail terms.
“Corporate killing”: a criminal offence, failure to ensure an appropriate level of safety in
the workplace.
Consequences of OHS Violations
Bill C-45 the “Westray Bill”
Criminal negligence causing death/bodily harm.
Vicarious Liability
Negligent training
Turnover, morale, organizational culture.
What Causes Accidents
Chance occurrences → beyond management control.
Unsafe conditions → equipment , procedures, storage, illumination, ventilation, job
itself, work schedule, psychological climate.
Unsafe acts → carrying/lifting, operating speed, avoiding safety devices/equipment,
horseplay, quarreling, etc.
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