MHR 650 Study Guide - Pest Analysis, Organizational Culture, Environmental Determinism

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Published on 26 Sep 2012
School
Ryerson University
Department
Human Resources
Course
MHR 650
Professor
5. Burke-Litwin Model
- This model identifies the transformational external environment, mission and strategy, leadership and organizational culture - and
transactional sources of change.
- Fundamental premise of the model that that planned change should flow from top of the diagram (environment) the bottom (performance
- However, (indicated by the arrows, the feedback loops go in both directions, indicating that internal organizational factors can impact the
environment and not just be on the receiving end of a one way environmental determinism
6. Four frame model
- This offers four frames for the managers to conceptualize how the organization operates.
o Structural frame presents organizations as akin to machines that are designed to efficiently turn inputs into outputs
o Human resource frame directs attention to the relationship between the organization and the people that comprise it
o Political frame suggests that we see organizations as sites where participants interact in pursuit of a range of objectives, some in common,
some that differ, some that complements and some that conflict
o Symbolic frame the essence of an organization may lie not in its formal structure and processes but in its culture; the realm of symbols,
beliefs, values, rituals and meanings
7. Diagnosis by image
- This technique allows organizational members to use images to describe the organizations and this can be used as a basis for discussion.
- Eg. Simile “My organization is like a well-oiled machine” or Metaphor – “My organization is a dinosaur”
Diagnostic Models: Components
Model
Description
PESTEL
Framework
- This analyses the external environment in terms of six factors
o Political the threat of terrorism
o Economic unemployment levels
o Social demographic changes
o Technological development of new/ substitute products
o Environmental air pollution policies
o Legal antitrust law
- It is important that PESTEL framework incorporate trends with the extrapolation into the future that this implies rather than
rigidly documenting the status quo
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Document Summary

This model identifies the transformational external environment, mission and strategy, leadership and organizational culture - and transactional sources of change. Fundamental premise of the model that that planned change should flow from top of the diagram (environment) the bottom (performance. However, (indicated by the arrows, the feedback loops go in both directions, indicating that internal organizational factors can impact the environment and not just be on the receiving end of a one way environmental determinism: four frame model. Structural frame presents organizations as akin to machines that are designed to efficiently turn inputs into outputs. This offers four frames for the managers to conceptualize how the organization operates: human resource frame directs attention to the relationship between the organization and the people that comprise it. Political frame suggests that we see organizations as sites where participants interact in pursuit of a range of objectives, some in common, some that differ, some that complements and some that conflict.

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