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Midterm

MKT Midterm Cheat Sheet.docx

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Department
Marketing
Course
MKT 300
Professor
Cynthia Mason
Semester
Fall

Description
Value Based Marketing: Company’s primary obligation is to maximize: (i) return from capital appreciation; and (ii) dividends earned by common shareholders….. Stock’s market value depends on investors’ expectations of the cash-generating abilities of a firm’s business units. Value is created when the financial benefits of a strategic activity exceed the costs. Balanced Score Card: Vision and Strategy:Financial, Internal Business Process, Learning and Growth, Customer… Measuring and Managing Metrics: 1. Learning and Change Measures (employee retention), 2. Key Internal Business Process and Measures (process output/costs/waste/speed), 3. Customer Outcome Measures (customer satisfaction), 4. Owner Outcome Measure (valuation of company) Product Profitability: Operating Leverage = CM/EBIT (Contribution Margin / Operating Income Breakeven = Total Fixed Costs (TFC) = Contribution Margin & Operating Income = zero Marketing Cost Management: Easier to control and manage the supply side (e.g. costs and resources) than it is to control and manage consumer demand. Why? Consumer demand is influenced by external factors. ….Cost control is an important principle of marketing systems control and its metrics. Why? Good marketing MUST consider cost and profit metrics and the bottom-line profitability implications. COSTS - Variable Cost- cost that varies directly with the quantity sold (direct costs)….all costs which do not vary with sales (overhead costs)…. Sunk Costs- past costs that cannot affect the future decisions…. Common Costs- OH or FC costs that cannot be attributed to any specific product or segment of business… Incremental Costs – additional V/F costs that will influence future decisions. Situational Analysis - Market Segmentation: (STP) Segmentation, targeting, positioning. (decision making, profitable customers, highest potential) STEEP (MACRO)- Sociocultural & Demograhic (values), Technology (innovation), Economic (interest, GDP) , Ecology & Physical (Climate, fuel), Political & Legal (Taxes, Policy) SWOT (MICRO/MACRO) – Stregths (internal - Expertise) Weaknesses (internal -location) Opportunities (external – Developing Market) Threats (external – new competition) Porter’s 5 Competitive Forces (Micro) – 1. Rivalry among competitors, 2. New entrants, 3.Bargaining Power of Buyers, 4. Bargaining power of suppliers, 5. Substitutes. Forrester’s Social Technological Ladder: Creators, Critics, Collectors, Joiners, Spectators, Inactives Four P’s of Marketing: Product (variety, quality), Price (list price, discount), Promotion (advertising), Place (coverage, inventory) RFM (Recency (latest purchase), Frequency (# of purchases), Monetary (purchase value) Decile- 80/20 rule (80% of sales from 20% of customers.) Share of Wallet (SOW)- Cross analyzing current loyalty/spend with potential value Segmentation Categories: Geographic Seg., Demographic Seg (most popular), Psychographic Seg (lifestyle, social class), Geodemographic Seg (census data crossed with behaviours and values) Shareholder Value: Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) model = Shareholder Value= (A)PV of Net or Operating Cash Flows + (B)PV of Residual Value + (C)Non-Operating Assets – (D) Market Value of Debt n Value Based Marketing: DCF Equation: NPV= Sum (Expected Cash flows / (1+RRR) …..Rule*NPV should be equal to or greater than the incremental investment required for that initiative. (Customer Net Present Value or CLV Customer Lifetime Value) CAPM(Capital Asset Pricing Model) – Risk Adjusted Rate of Return – E = R + B (s -Rf) s m f Es- expected return of a security, Rf- risk free rate of return, Bs- Security sensitivity to expec. Returns, Rm- expe
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