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Midterm

MUS 105 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Pitch Interval, Monophony, Domestication


Department
Music
Course Code
MUS 105
Professor
Gerry Mcgoldrick
Study Guide
Midterm

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MUS 105 F2015 MID-TERM REVIEW:
WEEKS ONE TO FIVE
Week One: Guns Germs and Steel
Diamond, J. 1999. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: W.W. Norton and
Co. (pp 9-32; 405-408)
Main question
Geographic advantage
10,000 BC: domestication of plant (where, what?)
Surplus
7,000 BC: Animal domestication (where, what?)
Technology
Middle East’s advantages (indigenous crops and animals – name them) and disadvantage
(delicate ecosystem – what did this lead to?)
East/West vs. North/South re: transferable knowledge/technology
The rise of European power (which benefited from Middle East’s early advantages),
Colonization of the Americas and Africa
WEEK TWO: Music Analysis
Materials of Music
Time
Free rhythm
Pulsatile
Meter (divisive [duple/triple] or additive)
Polymeter
Tempo
Pitch
Interval
Scale
Melody
Temperament
Texture
Monophony
Homophony
Polyphony
Heterophony
Dynamics
Form (strophic/ through-composed)
Timbre
Harmonic series
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Cowell, H. Liner Notes to The Worlds Vocal Arts. Ethnic Folkways Library. FE4510. 1955. LP.
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Elements of Bel Canto (5); “covered” voice/ringing tone; clear vowels; small, fast
vibrato; clean, quick consonants; minimal use of sliding/scooping
Elements of “The East”(5) open voice; a “nasal” timbre; Ornamentation (trills, vibrato,
slides ); scales vary from culture to culture; Sliding tones highly cultivated.
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Zemp, Hugo. 1996. Notes to Voices of the World: An Anthology of Vocal Expression. Musee de L'Homme.
CMX 374 1010.12. CD. (pp115-122; 174-176)
The four registers of the human voice
Yodeling
Timbre: Thin, guttural, nasal, powerful, intimate
Ornamentation: vibrato, glottal stop, trills, melisma
Western art singing developed in four ways:
1. vocal power
2. search for high pitches
3. homogeneity - between registers and between singers
4. “purity of emission” - eliminating breathiness, harshness.
What is the explanation for why this happened?
WEEK THREE: Japanese folk song and Rice, Chapters 1 and 2
D. Hughes, D. and Shigeo Kishibe "Japan, §VII: Folk music 3. ‘Min’yō’." Grove Music Online. Oxford
Music Online. Oxford University Press, accessed September 15, 2014
Min’yō: Volkslied (folk song)
Nationality, identity
Oral tradition
Place
Types: work songs, party songs, bon (summer festival) dance songs
Musical features: scales, voice, range, texture, meter, ornamentation
Contexts today
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Ethnomusicology Chapter 1: Defining Ethnomusicology
Rice, Timothy. 2014. Ethnomusicology: a Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Definition 1: “The study of why, and how, human beings are musical.”
What does “musical”mean here?
How did John Blacking define “music”
ETHNO-MUSIC- OLOGY
Ethnos
definition
How has the focus of ethnomusicology changed beyond “ethnos”?
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