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PHL 101
Tonya Davidson

FinalExam FinalExam PHL 101: summer 2006 I will delete several questions from the following list on the day of the final and you will be asked to answer 5 out of those that remain in your Blue Book (don’t forget to bring one). Asyou have the questions in advance, I will expect clear and detailed responses. 1. What is Descartes’s “method of doubt”? What is the point 10. How would a materialist criticize a Cartesian Dualist about of it? What role in it do (a) the idea of dreams, (b) the the mind? How would a functionalist criticize an identity notion of a “demon deceiver” play (be thorough in your theorist? Give one major criticism of functionalism. What answer)? At what point does Descartes reach the end of his is Churchland’s theory, and how does it supposedly avoid doubting? the problems of the other theories? (Be sure to define all your terms in answering this question.) 2. Describe in detail Descartes’s “ball of wax” example. What kind of epistemological theory is it an argument for, and 11. Give Locke’s reasons for rejecting both the body and the why? Also, what kind of epistemological theory might it be soul as criteria of personal identity. What is his criterion? an argument against, and why? What is Reid’s criticism of this view? Finally, give Parfit’s view on personal identity and what he would say about a 3. Explain what the difference is between Primary and case of cloning. Secondary qualities, according to Locke. What is matter really like on his view? How does he argue that it is that 12. What is cultural relativism? Why might we doubt that way and not as it appears to us? apparent examples of this, such as the Callatians versus the Greeks (explain) really demonstrate a difference in moral 4. What metaphysical view does Berkeley hold? What does views? What is ethical relativism? What are three he mean by esse est percipi? What does he think causes our problems with Ethical Relativism? Why does Pojman sensations? How does he argue that Locke’s view that think many people think they’re relativists? material objects cause our sensations is not as good an explanation? 13. What is the Euthyphro dilemma? Which option is Divine Command th
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