PHL 101: summer 2006
I will delete several questions from the following list on the day of the final and you will be asked to answer 5 out of those
that remain in your Blue Book (don’t forget to bring one). Asyou have the questions in advance, I will expect clear and
1. What is Descartes’s “method of doubt”? What is the point 10. How would a materialist criticize a Cartesian Dualist about
of it? What role in it do (a) the idea of dreams, (b) the the mind? How would a functionalist criticize an identity
notion of a “demon deceiver” play (be thorough in your theorist? Give one major criticism of functionalism. What
answer)? At what point does Descartes reach the end of his is Churchland’s theory, and how does it supposedly avoid
doubting? the problems of the other theories? (Be sure to define all
your terms in answering this question.)
2. Describe in detail Descartes’s “ball of wax” example. What
kind of epistemological theory is it an argument for, and 11. Give Locke’s reasons for rejecting both the body and the
why? Also, what kind of epistemological theory might it be soul as criteria of personal identity. What is his criterion?
an argument against, and why? What is Reid’s criticism of this view? Finally, give Parfit’s
view on personal identity and what he would say about a
3. Explain what the difference is between Primary and case of cloning.
Secondary qualities, according to Locke. What is matter
really like on his view? How does he argue that it is that 12. What is cultural relativism? Why might we doubt that
way and not as it appears to us? apparent examples of this, such as the Callatians versus the
Greeks (explain) really demonstrate a difference in moral
4. What metaphysical view does Berkeley hold? What does views? What is ethical relativism? What are three
he mean by esse est percipi? What does he think causes our problems with Ethical Relativism? Why does Pojman
sensations? How does he argue that Locke’s view that think many people think they’re relativists?
material objects cause our sensations is not as good an
explanation? 13. What is the Euthyphro dilemma? Which option is Divine