Pog 225 Term Essay Questions

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1. To what extent and in what ways is the history of European imperialism and colonialism relevant
to the study of contemporary global politics?
European Imperialism and Colonialism, has played a great role in the domination, and exploitation of many
periphery, third world countries we see today. The effects of Imperialism and Colonialization in many
African, third world countries that occurred when Europe was a massive empire, still continue to
undermine the development of these exploited countries. - imposition of international division of labour
under formal colonialism, had indirect effect of laying foundations for continued economic control and
domination over colonial resources even in absence of direct political over lordship and administration
Imperialism: the practice of foreign conquest and rule in the context of global relations of hierarchy and
subordination. It can lead to the establishment of an empire. In the modern period it has been tied to the
expansion of capitalism - During the 19th and early 20th century, Imperialism arose as a necessity for
industrializing states to secure their own economic prosperity - Increasing Protectionist policies, demand
for an increasingly supply of manufactured from growing industrial output Colonization: the acquisition
and settlement of populated territory by an external sovereign power
The North-South divide, defined primarily along economic lines (income, structure of economy), but also
political instability, conflict- Industrialized North, and Increasingly marginalized South - a product of Neo-
Colonialism, Colonialism, and Imperialism, Capitalism trade in exotic goods and control of tradition route
in gold, labour, land for settlement, raw materials, markets for finished goods 1.) Imperialism as the highest
stage of capitalism capitalism depended for its continues growth on pre-capitalist societies That is, what
is referred to as monopoloy capitalism, a two-tier structure had developed within the world economy, with
a dominant core exploiting the low-developed pheriphery - use profits derived from exploiting the
periphery to improve the lot of their own proletariat continued underdevelopment Ex price of
manufactured goods increased more rapidly than that of raw materials; that Is, it requires more tons of
coffee to pay for a refrigerator, as more supply; reliance on primary goods, countries of periphery become
poorer, Marxist argue that International system held together by Capital- because all states participate in
this common economic system, and needs of system that bring states to dependence and conflict - Result of
that Capitalism is one common system, >> The Core: North America and Europe.. where wealth was
concentrated.. and the other countries being Peripheral tied to the core… such states Economic effects:
Drain of wealth, “disarticulation” of economies; loss of self-sufficiency, dependence on primary
commodity production, integration into global trade in an unequal position, economic dependency as basis
of political and military vulnerability, the reproduction of forms of “unfree” or coerced labour under new
conditions of dependency, the e.g. o f Haiti (reading on BB), SLAVERY: Indentured servants consented to
a contract with the European colonizers. Under their contract, the servant would work for an employer for a
term of at least a year, while the employer agreed to pay for the servant's voyage to the colony, possibly
pay for the return to the country of origin, and pay the employee a wage as well. Health Care diseases
carried over, through terrible working conditions, lack of benefits, >> HIGH DEATH RATRES
Exploitation of Resources: Imperial Powers, in their quest for economic prosperity, disregarded the need
for the sustainable management of forest areas and established minimally-regulated lumber industries
which seeked only short-term profits for themselves and their mother’s country VULNERABLE
MARKETS: Imperial Interest in colonized territories were aimed at creating an economy based on
agriculture, and exploitation of other finite natural resources such as gold, silver, or diamond - once the
nation attained political independence, legacy left behind from imperialism established economy, leaving
the country economical vulnerable to marker price fluctuations BOUNDRARIES WITHOUT ETHNIC
CONSIDERATION: Imperialism was most notable in Africa, where portioning did not correspond to
historical, cultural, or ethnic boundaries of pre-colonial African Societies. Thus, states were created which
shared widely diverse ethnic populations which felt no identity or connection to political entity which they
had been forcefully drawn into - RWANDA, SRI LANKA, KENYA - deeply divided among ethnic lines,
led to political instability, and serious violence Economic Debt: where granted loans from IMF just lead
them to a worse economy state where restrictions on trade favoured the Core policies and trade and
maximized profit for them, and lead to more debt
2. What was the Cold War?
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