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[POL 128] - Final Exam Guide - Ultimate 33 pages long Study Guide!


Department
Politics and Public Administration
Course Code
POL 128
Professor
Joseph Zboralski
Study Guide
Final

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Ryerson
POL 128
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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POL 128 Thursday, January 19, 2017
Week 1 Thursday Lecture Notes
HISTORY OF POLITICS AND DEFINITION
Aristotle called politics the master science because it touches all aspects of our lives.
Politics is derived from the Greek word POLI“ meaning city government.
Greeks greatly valued politics.
Politics can be seen as a decision making mechanism for society.
Politics can be defined as a system for conflict resolution.
Politics can also be the authoritative allocation of values.
Does’t ea alues i the sese of orals, ad ethial ut as things that human
value such as health, wealth, status…
Politics has been defined as a search for the Just “ociety which mean ever since the
beginning of politics, people have been debating what politic, society, government,
should be like.
How much equality is necessary?
How much government intervention should there be?
How much should the government do for you?
How much should you be responsible for yourself?
Politics is a system of institutions, a system of processes.
TWO PRINCIPLES WAY IN WHICH POLITICS CAN BE ANALYZED AND INTERPRETED
Empirical vs Normative
Empirical comes from the scientific approach. It is fact-based. They would say
they their approach is more realistic. It describes things the way they are.
i.e. Statistics Canada
Normative is fact-ased plus ethis. It’s aout you aking a judgement about
soethig, aout hat’s idealisti. People take facts and use it for normative
purposes.
Karl Marx wanted to improve society. Looked at the world and saw
poverty, so he wanted to make a change. Believed that a revolution
would be necessary and that the cause of this was capitalism.
Believed that it was best to change to communism.
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POL 128 Thursday, January 19, 2017
WEEK 1 THURSDAY LECTURE NOTES
HISTORY OF POLITICS AND DEFINITION
Aristotle called politics the master science because it touches all aspects of our lives.
Politics is derived from the Greek word POLI“ meaning city government.
Greeks greatly valued politics.
I Greee there as’t a uified outry ut there ere a set of sall ity states.
Democracy emerged in Athens 2500 years ago.
The Greek believe that being a part of politics made you a better person because
you were able to relate to other people and understand the problems they were
facing.
This process lasted for about 100 years until Athens was conquered by another
city state and democracy fizzled out and reemerged a long time after.
1. Politics can be defined as a decision making mechanism for society.
It is a system of institutions and processes that make decisions.
15 000 years ago, decisions made in the small hunter gatherers societies were basic.
Nowadays, the number of decisions are numerous and affect millions rather
than just a handful of individuals.
The big change in social evolution came approx. 5000 years ago when humans
discovered agriculture.
Prior to this, people were nomads. After, it led to them not wandering anymore,
letting them stay in one location because they knew how to grow things.
This gave birth to cities (the older city being Bagdad).
At the height of Athens power, they had about 100 000 people living in
the city and it was one of the largest cities in the world.
2. Politics can be also defined as a system for conflict resolution.
In any community, people are going to have different opinions, wants, and
needs, and this gives rise to conflicts.
Politics allows people to resolve the issues that they may have with each other.
Through legal institutions and legislation, people can resolve their conflicts with
rules created through politics.
3. Politics can also be the authoritative allocation of values.
Does’t ea alues i the sese of orals, ad ethial ut as thigs that human
value such as health, wealth, status…
4. Politics has been defined as a search for the Just “ociety which mean ever since the
beginning of politics, people have been debating what politic, society, government,
should be like.
How much equality is necessary?
How much government intervention should there be?
How much should the government do for you?
How much should you be responsible for yourself?
THE POWER OF WEALTH
8 men in Canada and U.S. control 75% of the wealth in both countries.
Those men have more oey tha the otto 50% of the orld’s populatio
combined.
This contributes to the issues of income inequality.
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find more resources at oneclass.com
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