Pog 225 Term Essay Questions

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Ryerson University
Politics and Public Administration
POG 225
Aparna Sundar

1 To what extent and in what ways is the history of European imperialism and colonialism relevant to the study of contemporary global politics European Imperialism and Colonialism has played a great role in the domination and exploitation of many periphery third world countries we see today The effects of Imperialism and Colonialization in many African third world countries that occurred when Europe was a massive empire still continue to undermine the development of these exploited countriesimposition of international division of labour under formal colonialism had indirect effect of laying foundations for continued economic control and domination over colonial resources even in absence of direct political over lordship and administration Imperialism the practice of foreign conquest and rule in the context of global relations of hierarchy and subordination It can lead to the establishment of an empire In the modern period it has been tied to the expansion of capitalismDuring the 19th and early 20th century Imperialism arose as a necessity for industrializing states to secure their own economic prosperityIncreasing Protectionist policies demand for an increasingly supply of manufactured from growing industrial output Colonization the acquisition and settlement of populated territory by an external sovereign powerThe NorthSouth divide defined primarily along economic lines income structure of economy but also political instability conflict Industrialized North and Increasingly marginalized Southa product of NeoColonialism Colonialism and Imperialism Capitalism trade in exotic goods and control of tradition route in gold labour land for settlement raw materials markets for finished goods 1 Imperialism as the highest stage of capitalismcapitalism depended for its continues growth on precapitalist societies That is what is referred to as monopoloy capitalism a twotier structure had developed within the world economy with a dominant core exploiting the lowdeveloped pheripheryuse profits derived from exploiting the periphery to improve the lot of their own proletariatcontinued underdevelopment Exprice of manufactured goods increased more rapidly than that of raw materials that Is it requires more tons of coffee to pay for a refrigerator as more supply reliance on primary goods countries of periphery become poorer Marxist argue that International system held together by Capital because all states participate in this common economic system and needs of system that bring states to dependence and conflictResult of that Capitalism is one common systemThe Core North America and Europe where wealth was concentrated and the other countries being Peripheral tied to the core such states Economic effects Drain of wealth disarticulation of economies loss of selfsufficiency dependence on primary commodity production integration into global trade in an unequal position economic dependency as basis of political and military vulnerability the reproduction of forms of unfree or coerced labour under new conditions of dependency the eg o f Haiti reading on BB SLAVERY Indentured servants consented to a contract with the European colonizers Under their contract the servant would work for an employer for a term of at least a year while the employer agreed to pay for the servants voyage to the colony possibly pay for the return to the country of origin and pay the employee a wage as well Health Carediseases carried over through terrible working conditions lack of benefitsHIGH DEATH RATRES Exploitation of Resources Imperial Powers in their quest for economic prosperity disregarded the need for the sustainable management of forest areas and established minimallyregulated lumber industries which seeked only shortterm profits for themselves and their mothers country VULNERABLE MARKETS Imperial Interest in colonized territories were aimed at creating an economy based on agriculture and exploitation of other finite natural resources such as gold silver or diamondonce the nation attained political independence legacy left behind from imperialism established economy leaving the country economical vulnerable to marker price fluctuations BOUNDRARIES WITHOUT ETHNIC CONSIDERATION Imperialism was most notable in Africa where portioning did not correspond to historical cultural or ethnic boundaries of precolonial African Societies Thus states were created which shared widely diverse ethnic populations which felt no identity or connection to political entity which they had been forcefully drawn intoRWANDA SRI LANKA KENYAdeeply divided among ethnic lines led to political instability and serious violence Economic Debt where granted loans from IMF just lead them to a worse economy state where restrictions on trade favoured the Core policies and trade and maximized profit for them and lead to more debt2 What was the Cold War
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