PSY 102- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 92 pages long!)

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29 Mar 2018

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Ps(cid:455)(cid:272)holog(cid:455) as a s(cid:272)ie(cid:374)(cid:272)e (cid:894)(cid:449)hat (cid:373)akes so(cid:373)ethi(cid:374)g (cid:862)s(cid:272)ie(cid:374)(cid:272)e(cid:863)? (cid:895) Observe, hypothesize, predict, test, modify hypothesis, re-test. Make your hypothesis as simple as possible. Make sure you can test your hypothesis. Data must be able to either support or contradict your hypothesis. No o(cid:374)e stud(cid:455) e(cid:448)er (cid:862)pro(cid:448)es(cid:863) a(cid:374)(cid:455)thi(cid:374)g. look for e(cid:448)ide(cid:374)(cid:272)e fro(cid:373) (cid:373)ultiple studies (cid:449)ith different methods. Whether something is a science or not does not depend on what you study, but on how you study it. In des(cid:272)artes(cid:859) (cid:448)ie(cid:449), the ph(cid:455)si(cid:272)al (cid:271)od(cid:455) a(cid:374)d the (cid:373)e(cid:374)tal (cid:373)i(cid:374)d (cid:271)elo(cid:374)g i(cid:374) separate real(cid:373)s. Phi(cid:374)eas gage(cid:859)s (cid:272)ase helped to (cid:272)o(cid:374)(cid:448)i(cid:374)(cid:272)e people that the (cid:373)i(cid:374)d a(cid:374)d (cid:271)rain were not in fact separate. The (cid:373)i(cid:374)d is (cid:862)i(cid:374)(cid:863) the (cid:271)rai(cid:374) a(cid:374)d (cid:449)he(cid:374) the (cid:271)rai(cid:374) is da(cid:373)aged/i(cid:374)jured/destro(cid:455)ed, so is the mind. Behaviourism (cid:862)forget a(cid:271)out (cid:272)o(cid:374)s(cid:272)ious e(cid:454)perie(cid:374)(cid:272)e (cid:271)eha(cid:448)iour is (cid:373)ost i(cid:373)porta(cid:374)t! (cid:863) Freudian psychoanalysis (cid:862)forget a(cid:271)out (cid:272)o(cid:374)s(cid:272)ious e(cid:454)perie(cid:374)(cid:272)e the unconscious is most i(cid:373)porta(cid:374)t! (cid:863) Manipulating the level of the independent variable should cause changes in the dependent variable.

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