PSY 102 Study Guide - Final Guide: Classical Conditioning, Habituation, Reinforcement

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2 Aug 2016
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Change in an organism’s behaviour or thought as a result of experience
Many different kinds, most basic are habituation and sensitization
Responding to stimuli less or more over time
Learning via Association
Large amounts of learning occur though association
Simple associations provided the mental building blocks for more complex ideas
Ivan Pavlov (Russian Physiologist)
Russian physiologist and 1904 Nobel Prize winner
Most famous for work on digestion of the dog
Fist work on classical conditioning: a form of learning in which the conditioned stimulus
comes to signal the occurrence of a second stimulus, the unconditioned stimulus
Classical Conditioning Involves 5 Primary Components:
Neutral stimulus (the no response. Ie. The tone or response)
Unconditioned stimulus (the actual thing that response. Ie. The dog food)
Unconditioned response
Conditioned stimulus
Conditioned response (ie. The drooling)
Acquisition Phase:
The learning phase during where a conditioned response is established
Increases progressively in strength
Works best when the CS and UCS are paired closely in time
Extinction Phase:
The reduction and elimination of the conditioned response
Happens after the conditioned stimulus is presented repeatedly without the
unconditioned stimulus
Primary Reinforcer satisfies a biological need
Secondary Reinforcer unconditioned response
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