PSY 302 Final: Chapter 6- Multiple Choice

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Published on 21 Apr 2020
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1. _____ is NOT a symbol.
1. A) Spoken language
2. B) A picture
3. C) Amap
4. D) A facial expression
2. A _____ is a symbol.
1. A) word
2. B) person's smile
3. C) computer
4. D) color
3. The average 5-year-old child is _____ the average college student at the basic
grammatical structure of his or her native language.
1. A) much less competent than
2. B) slightly less competent than
3. C) as competent as
4. D) more competent than
4. Understanding what other people say is referred to as language: A) comprehension.
B) knowledge.
C) construction.
D) production.
5. Using signs to communicate is referred to as: A) comprehension.
B) knowledge.
C) construction.
D) production.
6. The notion that an infinite number of sentences and ideas can be expressed through a
finite set of words is referred to as:
A) production.
B) generativity.
C) construction. D) infinitivity.
Page 1
7. Children's phonological development refers to their learning of the:
1. A) meaning system and words of their language.
2. B) cultural rules for how their language is used.
3. C) rules for combining the words in their language.
4. D) sound system of their language.
8. In the English language, /d/ and /k/ are examples of:
1. A) letters.
2. B) morphemes.
3. C) phonemes.
4. D) syntax.
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9. The English language uses _____ of the approximately _____ sounds used in the world's
languages.
1. A) 26; 50
2. B) 22; 400
3. C) 34; 75
4. D) 45; 200
10. Morphemes refer to the:
1. A) rules for combining words of a language.
2. B) elementary units of sound.
3. C) pairs of words in a language that have the same sound but different meanings.
4. D) smallest units of meaning.
11. In the English language, “walked” contains “walk” and “ed,” which are both:
1. A) words.
2. B) morphemes.
3. C) phonemes.
4. D) syntax.
12. In the English language, _____ is an example of a morpheme.
1. A) the word “called”
2. B) the plural “s”
3. C) the sound /th/
4. D) the /r/ sound
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13. Children's semantic development refers to their learning of the:
1. A) meaning system and words of their language.
2. B) cultural rules for how their language is used.
3. C) rules for combining the words in their language.
4. D) sound system of their language.
14. Learning _____ is considered part of semantic development.
1. A) how to produce the “r” sound
2. B) the rules of negation
3. C) how to take turns during conversations with others
4. D) the contrast between the meanings of the words “table” and “desk”
15. Children's syntactic development refers to their learning of the:
1. A) meaning system and words of their language.
2. B) cultural rules for how their language is used.
3. C) rules for combining the words in their language.
4. D) sound system of their language.
16. In the English language, syntactic development involves learning the difference between:
1. A) “tree” and “grass.”
2. B) “tree” and “trees.”
3. C) “The tree is growing in the grass” and “The grass is growing in the tree.”
4. D) “The bees are in the tree” and “The bees are in the grass.”
17. The cultural practice of referring to ships as female is an example of something an
individual would learn with _____ development.
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A) semantic
B) metalinguistic
C) pragmatic D) syntactic
18. Learning _____ is considered part of communicative competence.
1. A) how to produce the “r” sound
2. B) the rules of negation
3. C) how to take turns during conversations with others
4. D) the contrast between the meanings of the words “table” and “desk”
Page 3
19. This refers to the idea that using the finite set of words and morphemes in humans'
vocabulary we can put together an infinite number of sentences and express and infinite
number of ideas.
1. A) comprehension
2. B) production
3. C) generativity
4. D) symbolic thought
20. Which factor is NOT involved in learning language?
1. A) phonological development
2. B) semantic development
3. C) pragmatic development
4. D) production development
21. There are more than _____ languages that are based on gestures. A) 50
B) 150 C) 200 D) 300
22. The fact that only humans acquire language in the normal course of development
indicates that language is:
A) species-specific.
B) species-universal.
C) pragmatic. D) syntactic.
23. The fact that language learning is achieved by typically developing infants across the
globe indicates that language is:
A) species-specific.
B) species-universal.
C) pragmatic. D) syntactic.
24. Language is:
1. A) neither species-specific nor species-universal.
2. B) species-specific.
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Document Summary

A) 50: 150 c) 200 d) 300, the fact that only humans acquire language in the normal course of development indicates that language is, species-specific, species-universal, pragmatic. D) syntactic: the fact that language learning is achieved by typically developing infants across the globe indicates that language is, species-specific, species-universal, pragmatic. D) syntactic: language is, a) neither species-specific nor species-universal, b) species-specific, c) species-universal, d) both species-specific and species-universal. Page 7: the characteristic intonation patterns, tempo, rhythm, and cadence with which a language is spoken are referred to as, harmony, melody, accent. Page 8: baby x lives with his family for 6 months and then is adopted by a family that lives in a different country and speaks a different language. 10- to 12-month-olds were unable to make the distinctions: six-month-old liana, 9-month-old joshua, and 11-month-old sadie all live in english- speaking homes in english-speaking communities. French-speaking families and babbling by babies from arabic- and.

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