PSY 302 Final: Chapter 10- Multiple Choice

51 views30 pages
Published on 21 Apr 2020
School
Ryerson University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 302
Professor
1. Walter Mischel's procedure in which preschool children were asked to wait for a
considerable amount of time in order to receive a greater number of treats was designed
to assess which characteristic?
1. A) intelligence
2. B) attentiveness
3. C) delay of gratification
4. D) social competence
2. The ability of preschoolers to delay gratification has NOT been found to be associated
with:
1. A) academic competence 10 years later.
2. B) ability to deal with frustration 10 years later.
3. C) decreased drug use in adulthood.
4. D) clear learning experiences.
3. Which statement is supported by Mischel's findings on delay of gratification?
1. A) Preschoolers' ability to delay gratification does not predict adjustment beyond
preschool.
2. B) The ability to delay gratification is related to SAT scores and rational thinking
in
adolescence.
3. C) The ability to delay gratification is based primarily on parental socialization.
4. D) Delay of gratification cannot be reliably tested until approximately age 8.
4. Developmental psychologists do NOT define emotions as:
1. A) subjective feelings.
2. B) the desire to take action.
3. C) the physiological correlates of feelings.
4. D) smiles that are directed at people.
5. Which statement BEST represents developmentalists' view of emotions and feelings?
1. A) Emotions are a part of feelings.
2. B) Feelings constitute one of the components to emotion.
3. C) Emotions and feelings are synonyms; they have the same meaning.
4. D) Emotions and feelings are entirely separate; neither is part of the other.
6. Which statement BEST represents developmentalists' view of emotions and cognitions?
1. A) Emotion is a part of cognition.
2. B) Emotion includes cognitive responses to thoughts or experiences.
3. C) Emotion usually occurs before cognition.
4. D) Emotion and cognition are entirely separate; they typically occur
independently.
Page 1
7. Discrete emotions theory holds that:
1. A) the basic emotions are innate and distinct from early in life.
2. B) emotional facial expressions must be learned.
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
3. C) a select few emotions are present at birth, and the others are a function of
experience.
4. D) children must learn to fear strangers.
8. Theorists who take a functionalist approach to understanding emotional development
propose that emotions:
1. A) have little impact on cognition.
2. B) are innate and thus are unaffected by socialization.
3. C) promote action toward a goal.
4. D) do not emerge until a child has a sense of self.
9. Which statement would MOST likely be made by a theorist who takes a functionalist
approach to understanding emotional development?
1. A) The purpose of anger is to initiate movement to eliminate an obstacle to one's
goal.
2. B) Developmental changes in the experience of joy/pleasure are due to
accumulating
social experiences.
3. C) Distinct emotions are innate and present from early in life.
4. D) There is a direct link between the inner emotional state of fear and the facial
expression that accompanies it.
10. The FIRST clear sign of happiness in infants is:
1. A) the expression of love toward the mother.
2. B) the social smile.
3. C) laughter.
4. D) smiling.
11. Social smiles tend to emerge by the _____ month of life. A) 1st
B) 2nd C) 3rd D) 6th
Page 2
12. Which scenario describes a social smile?
1. A) Newborn Timmy smiles during his sleep.
2. B) At 3 months, Indira smiles when her father talks to her.
3. C) Alexa smiles at 1 month when her mother strokes her cheek.
4. D) All of the scenarios describe a social smile.
13. Which statement about infant smiling is TRUE?
1. A) All infant smiling is reflexive.
2. B) Infants' smiling induces parents to have more positive social interactions with
them.
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
3. C) Young infants rarely smile at strangers.
4. D) Infants are unlikely to smile at auditory stimuli.
14. Which of these stimuli is LEAST likely to elicit a smile in a 2-month-old infant?
1. A) a smiling stranger
2. B) an interesting object
3. C) being able to control a particular event
4. D) a parent's tickle on the tummy
15. Which stimulus is LEAST likely to elicit a smile in a 7-month-old infant?
1. A) a smiling stranger
2. B) an interesting object
3. C) being able to control a particular event
4. D) a parent's tickle on the tummy
16. During late in the 1st year of life, children are _____ to laugh at unexpected events
and/but are _____ to take pleasure in making other people laugh.
1. A) likely; likely
2. B) likely; unlikely
3. C) unlikely; likely
4. D) unlikely; unlikely
17. The FIRST negative emotion that is apparent in infants is: A) anger.
B) sadness. C) fear.
D) distress.
Page 3
18. Separation anxiety or distress due to separation from the parent who is the child's primary
caregiver emerges around
1. A) 4 months of age
2. B) 5 months of age
3. C) 7 months of age
4. D) 8 months of age
19. Which statement about negative emotions is TRUE?
1. A) Negative emotions are easily interpreted.
2. B) Negative emotions decline in response to situations between age 3 and 6
years.
3. C) Infants show a wide variety of highly discernible facial expressions.
4. D) Infants display only generalized distress.
20. Which emotion is thought to have an evolutionary basis as it helps humans avoid
potential poisons or disease-causes bacteria?
A) surprise
B) sadness
C) anger D) disgust
21. When infants realize they can control a particular event they experience A) sadness
B) surprise C) disgust D) happiness
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 30 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.