PSY 302 Study Guide - Final Guide: Naturalistic Observation, Natural Experiment, Parenting Styles

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Published on 21 Apr 2020
Ryerson University
PSY 302
1. The one-child-per-family policy in China served as a _____ for examining the effects of
being an only child on children's development.
1. A) laboratory experiment
2. B) structured observation
3. C) natural experiment
4. D) naturalistic observation
2. Recent research has demonstrated that, compared with children with siblings, “onlies” in
China have NOT been found to be:
1. A) more self-interested.
2. B) less cooperative.
3. C) more aggressive.
4. D) overindulged.
3. The one-child policy in China is an example of the link between which two systems of
Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model?
1. A) microsystem and mesosystem
2. B) macrosystem and mesosystem
3. C) exosystem and microsystem
4. D) macrosystem and microsystem
4. The number of and relationships among the people living in a household is referred to as:
1. A) family structure.
2. B) family dynamics.
3. C) internalization.
4. D) parenting style.
5. Which characteristic of families in the United States is NOT one that increased from the
1970s to the 2000s?
1. A) age at which women had children
2. B) percentage of children born to unwed mothers
3. C) percentage of children living with two married parents
4. D) percentage of mothers of school-aged children who work outside the home
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6. Regarding change in the rate of births to unmarried women, between 1990 and 2010, the
1. A) rose for women in all age groups.
2. B) fell for women in all age groups.
3. C) fell for women under the age of 19 and remained stable for women 20 and
4. D) fell for women under the age of 19 and increased for all other groups.
7. Which statement about adolescent parents is TRUE?
1. A) The rate of adolescent pregnancies has increased from the 1960s to 2010.
2. B) The rate of adolescent pregnancies is significantly lower in the United States
in other industrialized countries.
3. C) Being involved in school activities reduces the risk for childbearing during
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4. D) Getting married greatly improves outcomes for adolescent mothers.
8. Which factor does NOT increase an adolescent's risk of becoming pregnant?
1. A) living with both biological parents
2. B) having an older adolescent sibling who is sexually active
3. C) having a mother who is cold and uninvolved
4. D) having friends who are sexually active
9. Which statement about adolescent parents is TRUE?
1. A) The vast majority of adolescent fathers never see their young children.
2. B) Adolescents whose mothers are authoritative are at an increased risk for
3. C) Adolescent mothers tend to provide low levels of verbal stimulation to their
4. D) Adolescents who were born to teenage mothers nearly always experience
failure and problem behavior.
10. Compared with younger parents, older parents do NOT tend to have:
1. A) less stress.
2. B) more children.
3. C) greater financial resources.
4. D) more positivity in their parenting.
11. Which mother is MOST likely to show sensitive behavior toward her new infant?
1. A) Eileen, who is 17 years old
2. B) Ursula, who is 22 years old and has few financial resources
3. C) Hailee, who is 34 years old and has no other children
4. D) Andrea, who is 34 years old and has two older children
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12. Which statement about older fathers, in comparison to younger fathers, is NOT true?
1. A) They are more likely to be affectionate with their infants.
2. B) They are more likely to provide a moderate amount of child care.
3. C) They are more likely to be cognitively stimulating with their infants.
4. D) They are more likely to have traditional beliefs about the paternal role in
13. About _____% of all children in the United States live with a grandparent. A) 10
B) 15 C) 20 D) 30
14. Since 1970, the percentage of children who have grandparents as their primary caregivers
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1. A) stayed the same.
2. B) doubled.
3. C) tripled.
4. D) declined by half.
15. Which statement is NOT true regarding grandparents as primary caregivers?
1. A) Grandparent-headed families tend to be more affluent than households not
by grandparents.
2. B) Most grandparents have had a long gap since the last time they parented a
3. C) Grandparents may have a difficult time maintaining a social support network
the child.
4. D) Children raised by grandparents often experience a range of emotional and
behavioral problems.
16. The percentage of women who had four or more children:
1. A) dropped from 40% in 1976 to 14% in 2014.
2. B) rose from 11% in 1976 to 22% in 2014.
3. C) rose from 24% in 1976 to 41% in 2014.
4. D) stayed the same.
17. How many marriages can expect to end in divorce?
1. A) 25%
2. B) 50%
3. C) 60%
4. D) 75%
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18. Compared with children of heterosexual parents, children of gay and lesbian parents are:
1. A) more poorly adjusted.
2. B) less popular.
3. C) more likely to be gay or lesbian themselves.
4. D) pretty much the same.
19. Which variable has been found to be an important factor in the adjustment of children of
lesbian and gay parents?
1. A) whether the homosexual parent is male or female
2. B) whether the child is also gay or lesbian
3. C) the closeness of the parent‒child relationship
4. D) the gender of the child
20. Approximately what percentage of remarriages involving children in the United States
end within 10 years?
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Document Summary

China have not been found to be: a) more self-interested, b) less cooperative, c) more aggressive, d) overindulged, the one-child policy in china is an example of the link between which two systems of. His father is supportive and authoritative when mateo does have contact with him. Mateo"s peer, ayden, has frequent contact with his own noncustodial father, who is permissive and disruptive. In response, his mother storms over to where he is playing, grabs his trucks away from him, and yells, i told you to come eat dinner! Come to the table right now or i will throw those trucks in the garbage. derek"s mother is rarely affectionate with him, even in situations in which he is complying with her wishes. Derek"s mother would likely be classified as: permissive. D) authoritarian: eight-year-old trina does not want to do her homework and would rather watch tv.

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