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[PSY 505] - Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (37 pages long!)Premium

37 pages149 viewsFall 2016

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 505
Professor
Alasdair Goodwill
Study Guide
Final

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Ryerson
PSY 505
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Wednesday, September 7, 2016
W1. INTRODUCTION TO PERSONALITY THEORY
Popular Personality Theory
Representative Heuristic (Tversky and Kahneman)
- People are driven to find meaning in ambiguity
-Psychics , horoscopes, dating web sites?
-psychics - cold and hot reading
-Cold reading - When they give you ambiguous statements
-(hot readings) - When psychics google search you and find out about you etc.
-Horoscopes - making sense of non-sense
-Dating web sites - is this personality?!
The Self
Who are you?
- We all have a sense of ourselves
- Sometimes we define out self by how we define others
- we always think we’re the normal one
Five goals of the personality theorist
-Observation that is scientific
-Large and diverse populations
-objective (not subjective) scientific methods and measures
2. Theory is systematic
- Logical and coherent
3. Theory that is testable
- There are infinite personalities ( must be falsifiable)
- You are born with your personality already set in stone
4. Theory that is comprehensive
- should address all psychologically significant aspects of persons (ie.
biological, environmental)
5. Application : Convert data based theory into practical application
!1
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Wednesday, September 7, 2016
- Pragmatism - whats the theory’s utility in “the real world”
DEFINING PERSONALITY
-What do we mean by personality?
-We might say, “that person has a great personality”
-“personality “ does not equal “charisma” or “charming “ in personality theory
-Personality - Psychological qualities that contribute to an individuals enduring and
distinctive patterns of feeling, thinking and behaving
-contribute to - casual link from psych factors / qualities to patterns of behaviour
-enduring - someone consistent over time and situation
-distinctive - differentiate between people
-feeling, thinking, behaving - refers to all aspects of a person
-Key factors of study in defining personality
-Human universals - what is generally true of people
-individual differences - how do people differ from one another? Is there a set of
basic human individual differences ?
-Individual uniqueness -How can one possibly explain the uniqueness of the
individual person in a scientific manner ?
!2
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