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PSY 505 Study Guide - Final Guide: Agreeableness

7 pages123 viewsFall 2014

Course Code
PSY 505
Paul Brunet
Study Guide

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PSY505 FINAL EXAM Review Lecture
-75 MC
-3 short answers
-Dec 11 @ 3pm in GYM (upper gym in KHW)
-2.5 hours
Exam Covers
-Allport (chapter 7 and lecture)
-Cattell, Eysenck and McCrae & Costa (just lecture, no book)
-Maslow (Chapter 9 and lecture)
-Rogers (Chapter 10 and lecture)
-Skinner (Chapter 11 and lecture)
-Bandura (Chapter 12 and lecture)
-JUST KELLY (Chapter 9 and lecture)  TAs lecture
-Artificial personality (lecture only)
-Chapter 14 (NOT ON EXAM)
-Chapter 15 (only few questions, very brief)
Chapter 15
-Summarizes the following
Genetic factor
Environmental factor
Learning factor
Parental factor
Developmental factor
Consciousness factor
Unconsciousness factor
Pre-Midterm Stuff
-Don’t need to know the details for pre-midterm theories
-Just need to know how the theories/theorists differ from the post-midterm ones
Traits Approach
-The textbook labels them as genetics approach, but I told you I prefer the
traditional label of traits approach, what were the 2 reasons I gave?
1. Calling it a genetics approach but they are not looking at DNA or studying
2. Genetics approach is saying that they are 100% on the nature side and not
nurture side but the truth is that the theory DO lean on the nurture side too so it
makes no sense to call it a genetics approach
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-How does Allport approach to traits differ from the others (Cattell, Eyesenck,
Allport differed from the others because Allport listed 18,000 (which combination
from these describe us?) and we listed a few that apply to us and the other
theorists have dimensions on how we are (Ex. on a scale from 1-10, how much do
we have)
-What are traits and personal dispositions according to Allport? And what were his
previous labels for these terms?
Traits (shared by everyone) and personal dispositions (unique to a person)
according to Allport are his new terms.
His previous label for personal dispositions was individual traits and his previous
label for traits was common traits
-Name and describe the 3 types of Allport’s personal dispositions
(Most intense) Cardinal Trait  very rare and most of us don’t have it, it is the
dominant trait and if you have it, it is what everybody knows you by
Central dispositions  For people who don’t have the cardinal trait, the central
dispositions are the ones that best describes you
(Least intense) Secondary dispositions  more situational based, and explains
certain positions and scenarios
-According to Allport, what are habits and what are attitudes?
Habits are inflexible response to specific stimuli
Attitudes are your position/stance on something
-Explain Allport’s functional autonomy of motives? What are the implications for
your adult personality?
Functional autonomy of motives are that the current personality is independant of
your past personality, it is the present and the future are important, your motives
are independant from your past motives
The implications for your adult personality is
-What is Allport’s term for ego or self?
-What are Allport’s 6 characteristics of optimal development?
1. Incorporation of others
2. Compassion, intimacy and tolerance of others
3. Self-acceptance
4. Sense of purpose
5. Sense of humour
6. Unifying philosophy of life (responsible for directing personality towards
future goals)
-How many traits does Cattell, Eysenck, and McCrae & Costa think are needed to
explain personality?
16 Personality factors (PF), 3 ENP Eysenck and the Big 5 for McCrae and Costa
-What are the names of Eysenck’s traits?
3 (Extroversion vs. introversion and neroticism vs. emotional stability and
psychoticism vs. impulse control
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