-How does Allport approach to traits differ from the others (Cattell, Eyesenck,
•Allport differed from the others because Allport listed 18,000 (which combination
from these describe us?) and we listed a few that apply to us and the other
theorists have dimensions on how we are (Ex. on a scale from 1-10, how much do
-What are traits and personal dispositions according to Allport? And what were his
previous labels for these terms?
•Traits (shared by everyone) and personal dispositions (unique to a person)
according to Allport are his new terms.
•His previous label for personal dispositions was individual traits and his previous
label for traits was common traits
-Name and describe the 3 types of Allport’s personal dispositions
•(Most intense) Cardinal Trait very rare and most of us don’t have it, it is the
dominant trait and if you have it, it is what everybody knows you by
•Central dispositions For people who don’t have the cardinal trait, the central
dispositions are the ones that best describes you
•(Least intense) Secondary dispositions more situational based, and explains
certain positions and scenarios
-According to Allport, what are habits and what are attitudes?
•Habits are inflexible response to specific stimuli
•Attitudes are your position/stance on something
-Explain Allport’s functional autonomy of motives? What are the implications for
your adult personality?
•Functional autonomy of motives are that the current personality is independant of
your past personality, it is the present and the future are important, your motives
are independant from your past motives
•The implications for your adult personality is
-What is Allport’s term for ego or self?
-What are Allport’s 6 characteristics of optimal development?
•1. Incorporation of others
•2. Compassion, intimacy and tolerance of others
•4. Sense of purpose
•5. Sense of humour
•6. Unifying philosophy of life (responsible for directing personality towards
-How many traits does Cattell, Eysenck, and McCrae & Costa think are needed to
•16 Personality factors (PF), 3 ENP Eysenck and the Big 5 for McCrae and Costa
-What are the names of Eysenck’s traits?
•3 (Extroversion vs. introversion and neroticism vs. emotional stability and
psychoticism vs. impulse control