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PSY102. Exams review questions 2.docx

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Ryerson University
PSY 102
Meinhard Agnes

PSY102: Practice Test #3 4) Suppose you are a psychologist who is evaluating the behaviour of a new client. The client tells you that he does not like to wear clothing and that he walks around nude most of the time. In addition, he tells you that he lives in a society in which clothing is required and nudity is seen as abnormal. Which of the following is not a criterion by which you evaluate your client’s behaviour as abnormal? a. Societal disapproval b. Impairment c. Subjective distress d. Statistical rarity Answer: c 7) Any behaviour that does not allow a person to function within or adapt to the stresses and everyday demands of life is considered a. qualitatively rare. b. socially disapproved of. c. impairing and maladaptive. d. statistically rare. Answer: c 14) The perspective that mental disorders don’t all have one thing in common, but rather share a loose set of features is called the ___________________. a. failure analysis approach b. family resemblance view c. medical model d. multimodal approach Answer: b 30) Akey idea in the discussion on the universality versus diversity in psychiatric diagnoses was that a. all disorders are found throughout all cultures of the world. b. most psychiatric disorders are unique to specific cultures and relatively unknown in others. c. many psychiatric disorders are similar across cultures. d. psychiatric disorders found in NorthAmerica and Europe are often unknown in many African andAsian cultures. Answer: c 22) In a condition called _______, some residents in Central Canada report a morbid fear of becoming a cannibal. a. Windigo 1 b. Latah c. Brain fog d. Mal de Ojo Answer: a 15) It is not unreasonable to assume that, in ancient times, signs of mental illness were believed to be caused by a. imbalance of body fluids. b. social forces. c. demons. d. improper diet. Answer: c 32) Which of the following is not a criterion for determining whether a psychiatric diagnosis is valid? a. It distinguishes that diagnosis from other, similar diagnoses. b. It predicts an individual’s performance on laboratory tests. c. It relies on self-reported behaviours and not observations. d. It predicts an individual’s response to treatment. Answer: c 38) The primary purpose of the DSM-IV is to a. help psychologists assess only normal behaviour. b. keep the number of diagnostic categories of mental disorders to a minimum. c. describe the causes of common physiological disorders. d. help psychological professionals diagnose psychological disorders. Answer: d 54) Dikeshia is giving a presentation in her abnormal psychology class on the prevalence of psychological disorders. If you were a student in that class, what general category of disorders would you expect her to mention as one of the most prevalent psychological disorders? a. Dissociative disorders b. Anxiety disorders c. Personality disorders d. Schizophrenia Answer: b 66) Adisorder in which excessive anxiety and worry occur more days than not for at least six months is called a. agoraphobia. 2 b. major depressive disorder. c. social phobia. d. generalized anxiety disorder. Answer: d 71) An anxiety disorder characterized by frequent panic disorder that affect the person’s ability to function in day-to-day living is called a. obsessive-compulsive disorder. b. generalized anxiety disorder. c. panic disorder. d. posttraumatic stress disorder. Answer: c 82) Arlene has an irrational fear of flying in airplanes. She is probably suffering from a a. phobia. b. generalized anxiety disorder. c. panic attack. d. panic disorder. Answer: a 89) Victims of sexual assault may experience strong stress reactions, intense anxiety, and flashbacks to their attacks from environmental cues that remind them of being attacked and helpless. If these become frequent, intense, and debilitating, the person may be diagnosed as suffering from a. generalized anxiety disorder. b. panic disorder. c. social phobia. d. posttraumatic stress disorder. Answer: d 93) Adisorder in which intruding thoughts that occur again and again are followed by repetitive, ritualistic behaviour meant to lower the anxiety caused by the thoughts is called a. obsessive-compulsive disorder. b. social phobia. c. paranoid schizophrenia. d. clinical depression. Answer: a 103) Behavioural theorists argue that anxiety disorders are conditioned through the process of 3 a. negative reinforcement. b. positive punishment. c. positive reinforcement. d. negative punishment. Answer: a 114) Major changes in sleep patterns, weight level, and feelings about one's self-worth characterize a. major depressive disorder. b. social anxiety. c. schizophrenia. d. agoraphobia. Answer: a 118) Research into demographic differences in the rates of major depressive disorder, or clinical depression as it is often called, suggests that a. there are no age, gender, or racial differences in the prevalence of the disorder in North America. b. men are more likely than women to be diagnosed with the disorder in North America. c. men are less likely than women to be diagnosed with the disorder in North America. d. adults are less likely than children to be diagnosed with the disorder in North America. Answer: c 121) __________is a mood disorder that is caused by the body’s reaction to low levels of light present in the winter months. a. Bipolar disorder b. Seasonal affective disorder c. Major depressive disorder d. Cyclothymia Answer: b 138) Mr. Evans feels that no matter what he does, he will be unable to convince his boss that he deserves a promotion. He also feels that it doesn't matter who his boss is, he still would not receive a promotion. These feelings represent what Martin Seligmann called a. learned helplessness. b. depressive realism. c. illusory control. d. overgeneralization. 4 Answer: a 143) Aperson who suffers from bipolar disorder alternates between ________. a. mania and schizophrenia b. depression and manic episodes c. anxiety and mania d. depression and schizophrenia Answer: b 151) Aconcern for researchers interested in the topic of suicide prevention is that the number of suicides is a. hopelessly out of date. b. underestimated. c. overestimated. d. much greater for adults than adolescents. Answer: b 157) What category of psychological disorders is characterized by inflexible and maladaptive behavioural patterns? a. Personality disorders b. Schizophrenia c. Dissociative disorders d. Anxiety disorders Answer: a 164) Serial killers Paul Bernardo, Ted Bundy, andAileen Wuornos each are prototypical examples of a. histrionic personality. b. schizotypal personality. c. psychopathic personality. d. borderline personality. Answer: c 166) What general category of psychological disorders is characterized by a disruption in one's unified sense of identity? a.Anxiety disorders b. Dissociative disorders c. Schizophrenia d. Personality disorders Answer: b 5 186) The idea of “split mind” contributed to the popular myth that the symptoms of ____________ stemmed from a split-personality. a. schizophrenia b. borderline personality disorder c. dissociative identity disorder d. bipolar disorder Answer: a 193) Trevor has schizophrenia and often hears a voice that tells him “Meat eaters are the devil. They will force you to eat the beef and implant you with brain tumours. Go and stop the meat eaters”. Trevor’s experience reflects what symptom of schizophrenia? a. Delusions of grandeur b. Disorganized speech c. Command hallucinations d. Persecutory delusions Answer: c 214) Asperger’s disorder appears to be a mild form of what disorder? a.Autism b. Schizophrenia c. Bipolar disorder d. Depression Answer: a 215) Which of the following statements is true concerning attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? a.Approximately 10-15% of children are diagnosed with ADHD. b.ADHD is more prevalent in young boys than in young girls. c. Children with ADHD are unable to concentrate on tasks. d.ADHD is caused by environmental and parenting factors. Answer: b 215) Which of the following statements is true concerning attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder? a.Approximately 10-15% of children are diagnosed with ADHD. b.ADHD is more prevalent in young boys than in young girls. c. Children with ADHD are unable to concentrate on tasks. d.ADHD is caused by environmental and parenting factors. Answer: b 6 192) Tobacco is often used to a. appear more sophisticated. b. increase feelings of anxiety. c. enhance feelings of sexual pleasure. d. reduce feelings of anxiety. Answer: d 199) What general category of drug is used in the controlling of pain? a. Depressants and sedative-hypnotics b. Psychedelics c. Opiate narcotics d. Stimulants Answer: c 1) The kind of therapy that involves talking things out with a professional is called a. interpersonal therapy. b. physical therapy. c. biomedical therapy. d. psychotherapy. Answer: d 4) Females benefit ________ males when receiving psychotherapy for their emotional or mental difficulties. a. equally as much as b. more than c. less than d. substantially more than Answer: a 12) Which of the following professionals works in hospitals, community health centres, primary care facilities, and outpatient mental health clinics; they often have an associate’s degree, and can manage medications? a. Psychiatric nurse b. Clinical social worker c. Mental health counsellor d. Clinical psychologist Answer: a 71) Which person might benefit the most from a group therapy environment? 7 a. Suzanne, who has schizophrenia b. Richard, who is withdrawn c. Jasmine, who is uncomfortable in social settings d. Elena, who is very sociable Answer: d 77) According to the authors, the claims ofAlcoholics Anonymous's success a. have largely gone unrecognized by the scientific community. b. can be applied to other problems of impulse control. c. is supported by the available data. d. is not supported by the available data. Answer: d 81) The family therapy approach designed to remove barriers to effective communication is called a. structural family therapy. b. structural family intervention. c. strategic group intervention. d. strategic family intervention. Answer: d 125) The process of learning through the observation and imitation of others is called a. aversion therapy. b. modelling. c. operant conditioning.
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