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PSY654sample test.doc

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PSY 654
Jian Guan

Name: _____________________________ Student number: ______________________ University of Toronto PSY270S Sample Midterm test Duration: 75 minutes This test contains two sections. SECTION A consists of 20 multiple choice questions worth 1 point each. Please fill in your answers on the scantron sheet provided. SECTION B consists of 6 short answer questions, 28 points. Please answer SECTION B in pen directly on the test paper. You may write on the back of the page if you need more space. Make sure you write your NAME on the top of EVERY page. Good luck! Name: _____________________________ Student number: ______________________ SECTION A Please choose the most correct answer from among the choices. Please answer on the sheet provided. You may answer in pencil or pen but DO NOT make any additional marks on your scantron sheets. 1. You want to know how many taxis pass by your house every hour. What would be the most likely result of offering someone $100 to count all the taxis, but deducting $5 for each car they count that isn’t a taxi? a. d’ would be high b. d’ would be low c. β would be high d. β would be low e. The probability distribution would be wider 2. What did Treisman’s dichotic listening experiment, in which a message being shadowed was switched to the unattended ear, demonstrate? a. Participants are very good at selectively attending information b. Shadowing is a very difficult task for most people to perform c. Attention is important for filtering out the meaning of a message d. Selection can be performed based on semantic characteristics before an attentional filter e. We can easily switch what we are consciously attending between ears 3. After completing a digit span task, Jessica is told her short-term memory capacity is 8 digits. Jessica’s short-term memory capacity is: a. Below average b. Average c. Above average d. Variable; it depends on the task 4. Which of the following would NOT be useful for determining the function of a particular brain area? a. fMRI b. ERP c. TMS Name: _____________________________ Student number: ______________________ d. CT e. PET 5. A person who has suffered brain damage affecting the hippocampus will have most difficulty with which of the following? a. Retrieval of episodic memory b. Retrieval of procedural memory c. Encoding of nondeclarative memory d. Encoding of declarative memory e. Damage to the hippocampus will result in loss of all of the above 6. During a serial recall task, how could memory be improved for items at the end of the list AND impaired for items at the beginning of the list? a. Wait a few seconds before you try to remember any of the words, and start with the words at the beginning of the list b. Wait a few seconds before you try to remember any of the words, and start with the words at the end of the list c. Show the words very quickly during the encoding phase, then start recall with words at the beginning of the list d. Show the words very quickly during the encoding phase, then start recall with words at the end of the list e. Both B and D 7. Why is recall poorest for items in the middle of a list of a serial recall task? a. They can’t be rehearsed enough so they don’t get transferred to LTM b. They occurred too long ago to still be active in STM c. Items in the middle are affected by retroactive and proactive interference d. Both A and C e. All of the above Name: _____________________________ Student number: ______________________ 8. You’re walking home in the dark when you see someone in the distance. You notice this person has long brown hair and glasses, and is wearing blue scarf. You therefore conclude this person is your sister. Then you remember your sister left for vacation yesterday. You conclude the person must be a stranger. What type of processing did you use to make your final decision? a. Bottom-up processing and working memory b. Top-down processing and working memory c. Bottom-up processing prospective memory d. Top-down processing and retrospective memory e. Bottom-up processing and implicit memory 9. Which of the following is TRUE about automatic tasks? a. They occur serially, require attention and are under conscious control b. They occur in parallel, require attention and cannot be modified c. They occur in parallel, do not require attention and are under conscious control d. They occur serially, do not require attention and are under conscious control e. They occur in parallel, do not require attention and cannot be modified 10. Which of the following questions would most likely by asked by a structuralist? a. How do we retrieve information from long-term memory? b. What is considered “an object” for the purposes of visual attention? c. What are the brain structures that are involved in memory consolidation? d. Why do some things capture our attention more than others (our names, for example)? e. Is it possible to implant false memories? 11. According to Selfridge’s Pandemonium model of pattern detection, what is the role of “cognitive demons”? Name: _____________________________ Student number: ______________________ a. They tell the other demons which letter is most likely based on which features are detected b. They search for their particular feature and tell the other demons how many of each feature there are
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