Study Guide For Quiz #1F2013.doc

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Ryerson University
Social Sciences and Humanities
SSH 105
Joseph Zboralski

Study Guide For Quiz #1 – Wednesday, September th 25 , 2013 SSH 105 – Critical Thinking Fall 2013 Prof. Andrew Hunter When studying for the quiz, you should review the following material: • Chapter One (of The Power of Critical Thinking) • Chapter Two (of The Power of Critical Thinking) • You should also review the PowerPoint lecture slides. These are available on Blackboard. • Your own notes from the lectures and the tutorial. • You should try the exercises at the end of each chapter. There are solutions for some of these at the end of the book. Feel free to ignore the longer exercises at the end of each chapter. • You should review the material on chapters one and two that is on the textbook website: . Click on the Student resources link and you will find a review for each of these chapters, plus self-test quizzes that you can do to determine how well you have understood the material. • Topics from Chapter Three –including validity, soundness, etc. – will not be covered on Quiz #1. They will be covered on Quiz#2. Below is a list of key topics, concepts or skills that you should review for the Quiz. From Chapter One • Argument • Conclusion • Premise • Critical thinking 1 Study Guide For Quiz #1 – Wednesday, September th 25 , 2013 • Explanation vs. argument • Indicator words • Inference • Statement/assertion (claim) • Do exercises 1.2 and 1.3. • You should be able to decide whether a passage contains an argument (remember: an argument is a group of statement in which some of them (premises) are intended to support another of them (the conclusion). Not all passages contain an argument, as you know. Pay special attention to indicator words. If you see one of these, chances are good that there is an argument in the passage. Don’t forget, however, that a passage may contain an argument even though there are no indicator words in it. I gave an example of this in the lecture slides. • You should be able to decide which statements in an argument are premises, and which is the conclusion. From Chapter Two • You should be able to explain the difference between Category 1 and Category 2 Impediments to critical thinking. • You should review the material on the slides about Propositional Knowledge. When doing this, you should also review the “key ingredients” of Propositional Knowledge. This material is not covered in the textbook, but it is on the slides and was discussed in the lecture. • Review the material on: Appeal to common practice; Appeal to popularity; Peer pressure; Stereotyping; Self- interested thinking • Review the material on strategies to avoid Category 1 impediments to critical thinking. • You should be able to explain the basic ideas behind what the text refers to as Subjective Relativism, Social Relati
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