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Mid Term MCQ's

Course Code
SOC 103
Sal Guzzo
Study Guide

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practice test
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. Who described sociological reasoning as the sociological imagination?
a. Emile Durkheim
b. Talcott Parsons
c. Wright Mills
d. Peter Berger
____ 2. What characterizes middle-income countries?
a. highly industrialized economies
b. little industrialization and primarily agrarian economies
c. moderate levels of national and personal income
d. technologically advanced administrative and service occupa-
____ 3. What are countries that are primarily agrarian in nature, with little industrial-
ization and low levels of national and personal income called?
a. developing countries
b. high-income countries
c. middle-income countries
d. low-income countries
____ 4. What theorist’s emphasis on social stability or the “problem of order” has
been criticized for obscuring the subjective meanings that individuals give to social phenom-
ena such as religion, work, and suicide?
a. Karl Marx
b. Wright Mills
c. Max Weber
d. Emile Durkheim
____ 5. Who are the bourgeoisie?
a. Those who own and control the means of production.
b. Those who sell their labour in order to earn a livelihood.
c. Those who are unemployed.
d. Those who are opposed to the capitalist.
____ 6. If you were to apply verstehen to social analysis, which of the following
would you be doing?
a. Supporting the proletariat by bringing values into research.
b. Employing understanding to gain the ability to see the world
as others see it.
c. Trying to enlighten others to the social facts around them.
d. Acknowledging and promoting personal beliefs and biases.
____ 7. Who analyzed how social interactions vary as a function of the size of the
social group?
a. Georg Simmel
b. Harriet Martineau
c. Herbert Spencer
d. Emile Durkheim
____ 8. What do sociologists call a set of logically interrelated statements that attempts
to describe, explain, and (occasionally) predict social events?
a. perspective
b. hypothesis
c. premise
d. theory
____ 9. Suppose you took a functionalist perspective. How would you describe the
social organization of a school division?
a. An interrelated part that functions to serve the wider school
b. A separate part functioning within the bureaucratic structure
of public schools.
c. A dysfunctional organization characterized by conflict.
d. The sum of individual and group interactions within schools.
____ 10. With regard to the major sociological perspectives and what they say about
the nature of society, the text points out which of the following?
a. Conflict approaches focus on social cohesion and order.
b. The functionalist perspective emphasizes social tension and

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a. Conflict approaches focus on social cohesion and order.
b. The functionalist perspective emphasizes social tension and
c. The feminist perspectives seek to replace male supremacy with
female dominance.
d. The symbolic interactionist perspective views society as the
sum of the interactions of people and groups.
____ 11. When scientists try to ensure that their biases and values do NOT affect their
research, what are they trying to achieve?
a. objectivity
b. ethical conduct
c. verifiability
d. value-free research
____ 12. How does the text refer to the relationship between theory and research?
a. as a dyadic process
b. as a continuous cycle
c. as a deductive process
d. as a love-hate relationship
____ 13. What do sociologists call an explanation of an abstract concept in terms of
observable features that are specific enough to allow measurement of the variable?
a. a premise
b. an operational definition
c. a theory
d. a hypothesis
____ 14. Which of the following would best be utilized when studying how people in a
small town recover and rebuild after an earthquake has devastated most of their homes and
a. observational research models
b. qualitative research models
c. quantitative research models
d. systemic research models
____ 15. As part of a study, Sarah is attempting to click a button every time she sees
the colour red flash across a computer screen. Because she is being watched carefully by the
researcher, she is nervous and misses some of the cues. Which characteristic is Sarah
demonstrating when she does this?
a. reflection
b. variability
c. reactivity
d. spontaneity
____ 16. According to the text, which of the following is the greatest limitation of
laboratory research?
a. Laboratory research typically produces quantitative data.
b. Laboratory experiments are expensive.
c. Laboratory experiments are artificial.
d. Laboratory experiments cannot be replicated.
____ 17. Suppose you and your classmates were asked an identical set of questions
through a systematic questionnaire or interview. In what kind of research would you be
a. a survey
b. secondary data analysis
c. a case study
d. an experiment
____ 18. Suppose a team of researchers conducts a study of shopping preferences by
sampling a group of mall patrons in a food court. What do sociologists call the people who
participated in the interview or questionnaire?
a. respondents
b. hypothetical subjects
c. interviewees
d. correspondents
____ 19. Laud Humphreys studied homosexual acts between strangers meeting in
public restrooms. In the course of his research, which of the following can be raised as an
ethical concern?
a. He broke the law by wearing disguises and following people
b. He obtained their informed consent under duress.
c. He manipulated his research subjects.
d. He did not inform his subjects that they were being studied.
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