a. Conflict approaches focus on social cohesion and order.
b. The functionalist perspective emphasizes social tension and
c. The feminist perspectives seek to replace male supremacy with
d. The symbolic interactionist perspective views society as the
sum of the interactions of people and groups.
____ 11. When scientists try to ensure that their biases and values do NOT affect their
research, what are they trying to achieve?
b. ethical conduct
d. value-free research
____ 12. How does the text refer to the relationship between theory and research?
a. as a dyadic process
b. as a continuous cycle
c. as a deductive process
d. as a love-hate relationship
____ 13. What do sociologists call an explanation of an abstract concept in terms of
observable features that are specific enough to allow measurement of the variable?
a. a premise
b. an operational definition
c. a theory
d. a hypothesis
____ 14. Which of the following would best be utilized when studying how people in a
small town recover and rebuild after an earthquake has devastated most of their homes and
a. observational research models
b. qualitative research models
c. quantitative research models
d. systemic research models
____ 15. As part of a study, Sarah is attempting to click a button every time she sees
the colour red flash across a computer screen. Because she is being watched carefully by the
researcher, she is nervous and misses some of the cues. Which characteristic is Sarah
demonstrating when she does this?
____ 16. According to the text, which of the following is the greatest limitation of
a. Laboratory research typically produces quantitative data.
b. Laboratory experiments are expensive.
c. Laboratory experiments are artificial.
d. Laboratory experiments cannot be replicated.
____ 17. Suppose you and your classmates were asked an identical set of questions
through a systematic questionnaire or interview. In what kind of research would you be
a. a survey
b. secondary data analysis
c. a case study
d. an experiment
____ 18. Suppose a team of researchers conducts a study of shopping preferences by
sampling a group of mall patrons in a food court. What do sociologists call the people who
participated in the interview or questionnaire?
b. hypothetical subjects
____ 19. Laud Humphreys studied homosexual acts between strangers meeting in
public restrooms. In the course of his research, which of the following can be raised as an
a. He broke the law by wearing disguises and following people
b. He obtained their informed consent under duress.
c. He manipulated his research subjects.
d. He did not inform his subjects that they were being studied.