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Final Exam Review (Ch9,10,13,14,20) .docx

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Ryerson University
SOC 103
Terry Roswell

SOC 103 Ch9Crime and Deviance 1 Crime affects us all in various degrees 2 By learning about crime we can simultaneously learn a great deal about our society 3 If the goal is to reduce crime we need to understand it Crime vs Deviance Deviant behaviour Behaviour that departs from social norms and that is subject to social controlIncluded in broad definition of deviant acts are behaviours ranging from violent crime to joining particular groupsNot all crimes are deviant or unusual acts not all deviant acts are illegal or criminal Who says what is normalDeviance is behaviour that is different from the norm then who defines what is normalSocietal norms define what is proper and not proper behaviourNorms are established through tradition culture customsNorms may be created when everyone agrees to avoid particular behaviours Deviance varies between societiesSome behaviour is universally accepts and wrong while other behaviour is not gives us insight into the fact that deviance may simply be socially constructedIndividuals construct their own definition of what is acceptable and what is notExamples of variation in the definition of deviance Speed limits on major highwaysGermans have no limits Canadians do100kmh in Canada 140 kmh Italy Marijuana useIllegal in Canada not illegal in the Netherlands Drinking Age19 years in Ontario 18 in Quebec 21 in USA EuthanasiaIllegal in Canada legal in Netherlands Is concept of deviance influenced by genderIf a women cries in public this is not necessarily out of the ordinary but what happens if u saw a man crying in publicIf boys right this is almost accepted as normal but what about females who engage in violent behaviour If a woman wears a dress that is okay but if a man wears a dress he will receive some negative reactions John Hagans Typology of deviance and crime Defining crime and deviance involves three variables
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