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Final

Final Exam note

14 Pages
201 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 202
Professor
Carmen Schifellite

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Chapter 6: Identity and Body
Relationship b/ identity, behavior, and biology
Identity and genetics: parents and children
Representation
Subculture create resistant identities
Essentialistunchanging meaning that comes f/ politics and culture through history and nature
oMade to seem natural
Social constructivistcultural and political circumstances identities produced
oIdentity as something inherent in ppl express broader social relations = power
oNaturalized biology and nature explain who we are political and social forces
Ideologic al forc e inserts u s into roles w/o u t any co n trol
Desc artes inseparability of min d an d b o d y
oSociety tells to self en h anc e
oPerc e ption in line wit h role of ch oic e in co n sumer society
oGen d er, sex u al orientatio n, ra c e = markers of identity an d social p o wer
cult ure an d p hysic ality u n eq u al pres s ures an d o p p for self
definition
oIdentity and agency c a pa ci ty to shape own lives to pro d u c e p ower
Indiv w/ p sych olo gic al n e e ds an d preferenc e s
Survival of society by prescribed roles thro u g h family, clas s
Nature vs. n urture birth v s. envir shape p erso n ality
Freu d p sych o analysis identity d ev for indiv integration in society
oIdentities pro d u c e d to manage chaotic fe ars
oBeg of socializ a tion marked by mgmt of imp ulses to the o ther
o1) rec ognition of sex u al diff imp o ses social me a nin g o n e a rly
o2) a c q uisition of lan g symb ol mediates chan n el of d esire into
a c c e ptable sex u al orientatio n an d g en d er identit y
oIdentific a tio n re c o g nition of similarity b/ self an d o ther that inspires
oOedioal co nflict pro p er g en d er identification an d sex u al orientation
www.notesolution.com
oCivilization de mands repress socially unacceptable fears and desires 
cant be articulated make stability for gender identification and
heterosexual orientation precarious
oIdentity = constructed to control chaotic drives that cant be
assimilated to society
oIdentity over determined by patriarchal, capitalist culture
oRepression = mechanism that shaped identiy while concealing it own
origins f/ it
Marx identity = mythical armour ppl put to cope w/ gap b/ needs and
desires and social ecn = ideology
oConceal interests though representation as natural
oIdeology secure acceptance by promoting a belief in the naturalness of
the capitalist order and in the freedom of the individual within it
Althusser institutions (schools, unis) role in shaping indiv and society
oImpossible of liberating identity f/ ideology
oInterpellation indiv compelled to identify w/ social roles offered to
them, take up assigned place
Lacan mirror stage childs recog of himself as separate being
oMisrecognition child sees stable unifed fig when sensations
uncoordinated
oPromise of wholeness
Globalization challenge conventional ideas of masculinity in NA
Industry offshore feminization of labour loss of wages and job security
Natural = white middle class male authority
Faludi men suffer as they move away f/ production to consumption =
shopping (girlie)
Hegemonic model of masculinity = amorality and aggression
Realism of films increase identification w/ characters and unquestioning
acceptance of conventions they embody
Perfomativity challenge assumption of natural connection b/ biological sex,
sexual orientation, and gender
oEnactment of masculine and feminine identities
oMythology naturalizes it
Selves reproduce socially prescribed roles
www.notesolution.com
Representing gender norms to excess draw attention to artificiality
Gender style clothes
Capacity to play w/ gender depends on social position (race, culture, and
class)
Foucault identity defined through pwr constrains and produces social
meaning
oClass
oPower circulates contin through society w/ meanings and identities
oPwer unequally distributed
oPower shapes society productively pwer takes form of regulation and
discourse
oMiddle class for m of wealth, freedom and social discipline
oUnconscious internalization of ideas, val rep as natural
oKnowledge by rules
oInstitution reproduction of social hierarchy self regulation and mgmt
oTechnologies of the self modes of conscious self construction to
naturalize systems of social power awareness of body, who in
control, and power
oSexuality unified collection of fantasies and behav not natural
foundation of human identity
Product as obj of discourse
oHomosexuality form of sexual deviance
Object of knowledge
oRegulatory fiction social control drawing distinction b/ normal and
deviant identities
Punishment enforce social conformity
Heightened focus on body, social regulation and discipline laws
Summary: Identity
oindiv f/ complex social structures esp who is situated
ohistorically specific context of social and ecn situ
oimaginary ideologically constructed
oreal constructs have consequences in law, beliefs
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Chapter 6: Identity and Body Relationship b identity, behavior, and biology Identity and genetics: parents and children Representation Subculture create resistant identities Essentialist unchanging meaning that comes f politics and culture through history and nature o Made to seem natural Social constructivist cultural and political circumstances identities produced o Identity as something inherent in ppl express broader social relations = power o Naturalized biology and nature explain who we are political and social forces Ideological force inserts us into roles wout any control Descartes inseparability of mind and body o Society tells to self enhance o Perception in line with role of choice in consumer society o Gender, sexual orientation, race = markers of identity and social power culture and physicality unequal pressures and opp for self definition o Identity and agency capacity to shape own lives to produce power Indiv w psychological needs and preferences Survival of society by prescribed roles through family, class Nature vs. nurture birth vs. envir shape personality Freud psychoanalysis identity dev for indiv integration in society o Identities produced to manage chaotic fears o Beg of socialization marked by mgmt of impulses to the other o 1) recognition of sexual diff imposes social meaning on early o 2) acquisition of lang symbol mediates channel of desire into acceptable sexual orientation and gender identity o Identification recognition of similarity b self and other that inspires o Oedioal conflict proper gender identification and sexual orientation www.notesolution.com o Civilization demands repress socially unacceptable fears and desires cant be articulated make stability for gender identification and heterosexual orientation precarious o Identity = constructed to control chaotic drives that cant be o Identity over determined by patriarchal, capitalist culture o Repression = mechanism that shaped identiy while concealing it own origins f it Marx identity = mythical armour ppl put to cope w gap b needs and desires and social ecn = ideology o Conceal interests though representation as natural o Ideology secure acceptance by promoting a belief in the naturalness of the capitalist order and in the freedom of the individual within it Althusser institutions (schools, unis) role in shaping indiv and society o Impossible of liberating identity f ideology o Interpellation indiv compelled to identify w social roles offered to them, take up assigned place Lacan mirror stage childs recog of himself as separate being o Misrecognition child sees stable unifed fig when sensations uncoordinated o Promise of wholeness Globalization challenge conventional ideas of masculinity in NA Industry offshore feminization of labour loss of wages and job security Natural = white middle class male authority Faludi men suffer as they move away f production to consumption = shopping (girlie) Hegemonic model of masculinity = amorality and aggression Realism of films increase identification w characters and unquestioning acceptance of conventions they embody Perfomativity challenge assumption of natural connection b biological sex, sexual orientation, and gender o Enactment of masculine and feminine identities o Mythology naturalizes it Selves reproduce socially prescribed roles www.notesolution.com
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