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Midterm

Midterm Notes.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 202
Professor
Lock Rebecca
Semester
Fall

Description
Midterm #1 CH1: Introducing Popular Culture Terms Consumption: refers to the things we buy (or watch, or listen to, etc)  Folk Culture: refers to cultural products and practices that have developed overtime  within a particular community that are communicated from generation to generation and  among people to tend to be known to one another Mass Culture: form of culture produced for profit and for a large and diverse audience  by a vertically integrated factory system Authenticity: positive quality of genuineness and originality attributed to objects,  practices, or ideas Industrialization: movement within a culture or economic system toward an increased  emphasis on large scale/mechanized industry rather than agricultural/small scale  commercial activity Commodities: Objects and services produced for consumption or exchange by someone  other than the producers Class Mobility: A characteristic of societies in which it is possible for an individual or a  family to move from one social class to another Discourses: describe the way speech and writing work in conjunction with specific  structures and institutions to shape social reality (Foucalt) Mythology: describes the way in which sign systems work ideologically to reproduce  and legitimate particular social relations Representation: social production of meaning through sign systems  (words, images,  gestures) Commodity Fetishism: When a commodity is experienced as having a magical quality Aesthetic: branch of philosophy concerned with sensory perception and appearance Consumerism: complex set of dominant values and practices produced by and arising  from life in a consumer society Cultural Imperialism: describes the ideological infiltration of the cultural products of  dominant nations Globalization: recent (arguably), complex shift in the relationship between the world’s  many cultures fuelled by complex economic, political, and technological factors Major Concepts Capitalism:  ­ An economic system based on private ownership of the means of production and  distribution, and geared toward the generation of profit ­ Most dominant economic system in the world today ­ In capitalist economies, the means of creating, distributing, and exchanging  wealth lie mainly in the hands of individuals and corporations ­ Value of goods and labour is defined not by social usefulness or significance, but  by how much they can be exchanged for ­ Main goal of individuals in capitalism is to maximize the profit or wages they  receive  CH2: The History of Popular Culture Terms Urbanization: long­term but increasingly intensifyin
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