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Midterm

SOC 808 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: List Of French Cheeses, Tacit Knowledge, Tv DinnerPremium

3 pages183 viewsFall 2017

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 808
Professor
Donna Appavoo
Study Guide
Midterm

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Week 3- Food Culture & Identity: You are what you eat
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ! ! Ch.!3!(p.!34)!
!
CHAPTER!3:!YOU!ARE!WHAT!YOU!EAT:!ENJOYING!AND!TRANSFORMING!FOOD!CULTURE!
¦
INTRODUCTION!
culture!shapes!how!we!eat!
!
our!culture!tells!us!how!meals!are!prepared,!what!foods!are!enjoyable,!and!which!are!taboo!
!
Food!Culture!
something!that!shapes!us!
!
people!are!dissatisfied!with!the!dominant!food!culture!and!associated!industrial!food!system:!they!
associate!it!with!threats!and!risks!like!toxic!chemicals,!overeating,!the!fear!of!fat,!genetic!engineering,!and!
food!industry!manipulation!
!
as!a!result,à!people!work!to!change!food!culture
!
Foodscape!
a!concept!that!captures!the!ways!we!understand!food!consumption!as!well!as!our!relationship!to!the!
material!reality!of!food!systems!!
Consumer!Culture!!
central!and!powerful!influence!on!the!cultural!schemas!shaping!food!choices
!
emphasizing!the!satisfaction!of!private!needs!and!desires!through!the!purchase!of!commodities!
!
tends!to!focus!on!individual!consumer!choices!as!a!central!terrain!for!cultivating!individual!pleasures
!
for!grocery!shopping,!consumers!believe!that!the!ideal!experience!should!be!aesthetically!pleasing!(e.g.!
attractive!displays),!be!convenient,!and!be!relatively!cheap!
!
¦
CULTURE!
human!processes!of!meaning-making!generating!artifacts,!categories,!norms,!values,!practices,!rituals,!symbols,!
worldviews,!ideas,!ideologies,!and!discourses
!
the!cultural!process!of!meaning-making!can!happen!in!a!specific!institution!(e.g.!a!gourmet!food!magazine),!be!
applied!to!a!specific,!defined!group!(e.g.!the!food!culture!of!immigrant!Somalis),!or!be!part!of!everyday!life!
interactions!(e.g.!the!culture!of!shame!that!exists!around!overeating)
!
KEY!TERM=!MEANING-MAKING!
how!social!interactions!convey!meaning,!and!how!we!interpret!meaning
!
the!realm!of!meaning!signals!that!culture!is!present!and!that!culture!matters!to!our!understanding!
!
food!scholars!interested!in!culture!are!interested!in!the!meaning!of!different!food!choices,!habits,!
restrictions,!and!policies!
!
¦
HABITUS!
Swidlerà!idea!of!cultural!“tool!kits”
!
seeing!culture!as!a!tool!kit!is!an!important!way!to!avoid!seeing!people!as!either!manipulated!by!culture!or!
entirely!free!agents!
he!argues!that!people!should!be!viewed!as!a!collection!of!culturally!defined!elements!that!make!up!a!tool!
kit!or!repertoire!!
from!this!repertoire,!individuals!can!pick!elements!that!sustain!habitual!behaviour!(e.g.!cooking!
from!an!old!family!recipe)!or!can!select!tools!to!explore!new!ways!of!acting!in!the!world!(e.g.!
trying!a!new!cuisine)!
by!viewing!culture!this!way,!scholars!can!appreciate!the!complex!ways!culture!is!used!by!individuals!in!daily!
life!
he!states!that!à!“not!only!do!people!use!culture,!but!culture!in!turn!uses!people”!
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