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SOC 885
Amina Jamal

Orientalism is a term used for the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by writers, designers and artists.  Edward Said published his influential and controversial book, Orientalism; he used the term to describe a pervasive Western tradition, both academic and artistic, of prejudiced outsider interpretations of the East, shaped by the attitudes of European imperialism in the 18th and 19th centuries.  Western knowledge about the East is not generated from facts or reality, but from preconceived archetypes that envision all "Eastern" societies as fundamentally similar to one another, and fundamentally dissimilar to "Western" societies  There is former knowledge that establishes "the East" as exact opposite to "the West". Such Eastern knowledge is constructed with literary texts and historical records that often are of limited understanding of the facts of life in the Middle East.11]  basically how westerners see middle easterns based on their perspectives with out proper knowledge. muslims are seen through a distorted lens of how we are oppressed and we havent evolved since 1800's such as male dominance, warfare, eTc.. therefore not acknowledges the diversity of cultures and since westerners had the money and power to produce knowledge they would portray muslims as backward or traditional compared to westerns as modern and progressive and thus in order for muslims to become modern, according to the western view, they should come out of their static backwardness ( muslim traditional ways) and embrace western world view which is viewing other cultures based on ur own culture and looking down upon them Imperialism - extending your rule over foreign countries by the creation and maintenance of an unequal economic, cultural and territorial relationship. For land, resources such as gold, spice, etc. Gaining control of the people native to the land was key.  The policy of forcefully extending a nation's authority by territorial gain or by the establishment of economic and political dominance over other nations Colonialism is the establishment, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies in one territory by people from another territory.  Colonialism is a process whereby sovereignty over the colony is claimed by the metropole and the social structure, government, and economics of the colony are changed by colonists - people from the metropole. Colonialism is a set of unequal relationships: between the metropole and the colony, and between the colonists and the indigenous population. Stereotypes - a held popular belief about specific social groups or types of individuals. The concepts of "stereotype" and "prejudice" are often confused with many other different meanings.  Stereotypes are standardized and simplified conceptions of groups based on some prior assumptions. Patriarchy - is a social system, in which the male are the primary authoritative figure is central to social organization. It implies the institutions of male rule and privilege, and is dependent on female subordination. Relating to or characteristic of a man who is older or higher in rank  Most forms of feminism characterize patriarchy as an unjust social system that is oppressive to women. In feminist theory the concept of patriarchy often includes all the social mechanisms that reproduce and exert male dominance over women. Secularism is the concept that government or other entities should exist separately from religion and/or religious beliefs  secularism may assert the right to be free from religious rule and teachings, and the right to freedom from governmental imposition of religion upon the people within a state that is neutral on matters of belief. Modernization - refers to a model of an evolutionary transition from a 'pre-modern' or 'traditional' to a 'modern' society, the process of modernizing. Making modern in appearance or behavior; "the modernization of Nigeria will be a long process" Discourse - generally refers to "written or spoken communication or debate  In the study of meaning and approaches to analyzing written, spoken, signed language use: A generalization of the concept of conversation to all modalities and contexts.  It’s the idea that comes to your head when you think of something like Islam Reflexivity - reflexivity refers to how a person’s values, beliefs, acquaintances and interests influence his or her research or work Veiling - A veil is an article of clothing, worn almost exclusively by women, that is intended to cover some part of the head or face.  One view is that as a religious item, it is intended to show honor to an object or space.  The actual sociocultural, psychological, and sociosexual functions of veils have not been studied extensively but most likely include the maintenance of social distance and the communication of [1][2] social status and cultural identity.  In Islamic society, various forms of the veil have been adopted from the Arab culture in which Islam arose. Forced Unveiling - Authoritative person, government rule, institution, or a random fuck face force pulling the hijab away from Islamic women Essentialism is the view that, for any specific kind of entity, there is a set of characteristics or properties all of which any entity of that kind must possess.  essentialism is a generalization stating that certain properties possessed by a group (e.g. people, things, ideas) are universal, and not dependent on context. For example, the essentialist statement 'all human beings are mortal'.  a member of a specific group may possess other characteristics that are neither needed to establish its membership nor preclude its membership, but that essences do not simply reflect ways of grouping objects; they also result in properties of the object. Othering - looking down at people from other cultures because you are used to a certain w
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