Orientalism is a term used for the imitation or depiction of aspects of Eastern cultures in the West by
writers, designers and artists.
Edward Said published his influential and controversial book, Orientalism; he used the term to
describe a pervasive Western tradition, both academic and artistic, of prejudiced outsider
interpretations of the East, shaped by the attitudes of European imperialism in the 18th and
Western knowledge about the East is not generated from facts or reality, but from preconceived
archetypes that envision all "Eastern" societies as fundamentally similar to one another, and
fundamentally dissimilar to "Western" societies
There is former knowledge that establishes "the East" as exact opposite to "the West". Such
Eastern knowledge is constructed with literary texts and historical records that often are of
limited understanding of the facts of life in the Middle East.11]
basically how westerners see middle easterns based on their perspectives with out proper
knowledge. muslims are seen through a distorted lens of how we are oppressed and we havent
evolved since 1800's such as male dominance, warfare, eTc.. therefore not acknowledges the
diversity of cultures and since westerners had the money and power to produce knowledge they
would portray muslims as backward or traditional compared to westerns as modern and
progressive and thus in order for muslims to become modern, according to the western view,
they should come out of their static backwardness ( muslim traditional ways) and embrace
western world view which is viewing other cultures based on ur own culture and looking down
Imperialism - extending your rule over foreign countries by the creation and maintenance of an unequal
economic, cultural and territorial relationship. For land, resources such as gold, spice, etc. Gaining
control of the people native to the land was key.
The policy of forcefully extending a nation's authority by territorial gain or by the establishment
of economic and political dominance over other nations
Colonialism is the establishment, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies in one territory by
people from another territory.
Colonialism is a process whereby sovereignty over the colony is claimed by the metropole and
the social structure, government, and economics of the colony are changed by colonists - people
from the metropole. Colonialism is a set of unequal relationships: between the metropole and
the colony, and between the colonists and the indigenous population.
Stereotypes - a held popular belief about specific social groups or types of individuals. The concepts of
"stereotype" and "prejudice" are often confused with many other different meanings.
Stereotypes are standardized and simplified conceptions of groups based on some prior
assumptions. Patriarchy - is a social system, in which the male are the primary authoritative figure is central to social
organization. It implies the institutions of male rule and privilege, and is dependent on female
subordination. Relating to or characteristic of a man who is older or higher in rank
Most forms of feminism characterize patriarchy as an unjust social system that is oppressive to
women. In feminist theory the concept of patriarchy often includes all the social mechanisms
that reproduce and exert male dominance over women.
Secularism is the concept that government or other entities should exist separately from religion and/or
secularism may assert the right to be free from religious rule and teachings, and the right to
freedom from governmental imposition of religion upon the people within a state that is neutral
on matters of belief.
Modernization - refers to a model of an evolutionary transition from a 'pre-modern' or 'traditional' to a
'modern' society, the process of modernizing. Making modern in appearance or behavior; "the
modernization of Nigeria will be a long process"
Discourse - generally refers to "written or spoken communication or debate
In the study of meaning and approaches to analyzing written, spoken, signed language use: A
generalization of the concept of conversation to all modalities and contexts.
It’s the idea that comes to your head when you think of something like Islam
Reflexivity - reflexivity refers to how a person’s values, beliefs, acquaintances and interests influence his
or her research or work
Veiling - A veil is an article of clothing, worn almost exclusively by women, that is intended to cover
some part of the head or face.
One view is that as a religious item, it is intended to show honor to an object or space.
The actual sociocultural, psychological, and sociosexual functions of veils have not been studied
extensively but most likely include the maintenance of social distance and the communication of
social status and cultural identity.
In Islamic society, various forms of the veil have been adopted from the Arab culture in which
Forced Unveiling - Authoritative person, government rule, institution, or a random fuck face force
pulling the hijab away from Islamic women
Essentialism is the view that, for any specific kind of entity, there is a set of characteristics or properties
all of which any entity of that kind must possess. essentialism is a generalization stating that certain properties possessed by a group (e.g. people,
things, ideas) are universal, and not dependent on context. For example, the essentialist
statement 'all human beings are mortal'.
a member of a specific group may possess other characteristics that are neither needed to
establish its membership nor preclude its membership, but that essences do not simply reflect
ways of grouping objects; they also result in properties of the object.
Othering - looking down at people from other cultures because you are used to a certain w