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Guide for Lección 1 and 2

6 Pages
387 Views
Winter 2011

Department
Spanish
Course Code
SPN 101
Professor
Jacqueline Smith

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SPN 101 - Spanish Test
Lección 1
Genders
oMost nouns that end in –o or denote males are masculine.
Exceptions are dia (day) and mapa (map).
oMost nounds that end in –a or denote females are feminine
Exceptions are mano (hand)
oSome masculine nouns end in –o have a corresponding feminine form ending
in –a: el secratario / la secretario
oWhen a masculine noun ends in a consonant, you often add –a to obtain its
corresponding feminine form: el doctor / la doctora
oSome nouns have the same form for both genders : el estudiante / la
estudiante.
These cases you can tell by the el or la.
Colours
oAmarillo yellow oVerde green
oGris grey oBlanco white
oRojo redoNegro black
oAnaranjado orangeoMorado/violeta purple
oMarron brownoAzul blue
oRosado pink
o
Plural forms of nouns
oSingular nouns are made plural by
Adding s to words ending in a vowel
Adding –es to words ending in a consonant
www.notesolution.com
When a word ends in z. Change the x to a c and add –es.
When an accent mark falls on the last syllable of a word that ends
in a consonant, it is omitted in the plural form.
Definite and indefinite articles
oDefinite articles are the Spanish equivalent to the
Masculine/feminine
Singular el, la
Plural los, las
oIndefinite article are the Spanish equivalent of a (an) and some
Masculine/feminine
(a, an) Singular un, una
(some) Plural unos, unas
Subject pronouns
SingularPlural
Yo I Nosotros/nosotras we
Tu you (familiar)Vosotros/vosotras you
Usted you (formal)Ustedes you
El / ella he/sheEllos/ellas they
Present indicative of ser
yosoyI am
Tu EresYou (fam.) are
Ustedes/el/ellaEsYou are/he is/she is
Nosotros/nosotras SomosWe are
Vosotros/vosotras SoisYou (fam.) are
Ustedes/ellos/ellas son You are/they are/ they are
Forms of adjectives
oAdjectives that end in o or –a are pluralized by adding an s
www.notesolution.com

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Description
SPN 101 - Spanish Test Leccin 1 Genders o Most nouns that end in o or denote males are masculine. Exceptions are dia (day) and mapa (map). o Most nounds that end in a or denote females are feminine Exceptions are mano (hand) o Some masculine nouns end in o have a corresponding feminine form ending in a: el secratario la secretario o When a masculine noun ends in a consonant, you often add a to obtain its corresponding feminine form: el doctor la doctora o Some nouns have the same form for both genders : el estudiante la estudiante. These cases you can tell by the el or la. Colours o Amarillo yellow o Verde green o Gris grey o Blanco white o Rojo red o Negro black o Anaranjado orange o Moradovioleta purple o Marron brown o Azul blue o Rosado pink o Plural forms of nouns o Singular nouns are made plural by Adding s to words ending in a vowel Adding es to words ending in a consonant www.notesolution.com
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