112- Exam review.docx

9 Pages
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Department
Early Childhood Education
Course Code
Early Childhood Education ECE112
Professor
Natalie Royer

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Description
Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review Nutrition Factors Affecting Eating Habits 1) Physical 2) Emotional 3) Social and Cultural 4) Body Image 5) Economics Concerns About Amount of Food Eaten Why Children are undereating?  Poor eating habits  Fatigue  Limited variety of foods they will eat  Security felt with food served at home  Adults who model excessive eating Canada’s Food Guide Four Major Food Groups (Table 5.3) a) Vegetables and Fruits b) Grain Products c) Milk and Alternatives d) Meat and Alternatives Nutrition labels Nutrition Facts Table is mandatory. Tables list: a) Calories b) 13 Core Nutrients Nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water. Healthy recommendations include diets: Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review • Low in sodium and high in potassium • Adequate in calcium and vitamin D • Rich in vegetables and fruits Healthy Eating Habits The Division of Responsibility (Satter, 1990) 1) Adults are responsible for what, when and where. 2) Responsibility of children consist of how much and whether they eat (i.e. food jags). Provision of snack: a) Offer a snack between 1 1/2 and 2 hours before the next meal. b) Monitor food distribution. Specific Nutrition Issues a) Consumption of Vegetables and Fruit -rich in vitamins and minerals and fibre, offer phytochemicals (compounds that give vegetable and fruit their colour) -younger children need higher energy foods to sustain their energy levels -advocate for a variety of vegetables and fruit in ECE settings (See table 6.4) b) Reduce Trans Fat and Saturated Fats -dietary trans fat can increase the risk of developing heart disease c) Reduce the Consumption of Carbonated and Other Low-Nutritive Beverages -pop is leading contributor to poor oral health (high acidity causes tooth decay) Child Maltreatment The UN Convention on the Rights of the child illustrates the basic human rights that children are entitled to 1) Survival 2) Optimal development 3) Protection from harmful influences abuse and exploitation 4) Full participation in family, cultural and social life Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review What is child maltreatment? Child Maltreatment is: -always a misuse of power. - a person with greater physical, intellectual or emotional power and authority controls a child in a way that does not contribute to the child’s health, growth and development. Types of Child Abuse Include: Physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect and any risk of harm. Types of abuse a)Neglect a) Includes failure to supervise or protect leading to harm b) failure to supervise or protect a child from possible sexual abuse c) physical neglect d) medical neglect e) permits criminal behaviour f) educational neglect b) Physical Abuse Bruising and injuries Questionable areas: between eyes and nose, tips of shoulders, arms, abdomen, pubic area, thighs, buttocks, back of thighs, calves Examples: Shaken Baby Syndrome Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) c) Emotional Abuse Examples: rejecting behaviour Family violence e)Sexual Abuse Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review Indicators for Maltreatment Physical Abuse -demonstrates aggressive, acting out behaviour. Emotional Abuse -child sets unreasonably high expectations for self -refuses to try again if he or she doesn’t succeed the first time. Sexual Abuse -child has an unusual level of self knowledge -sexual play or excessive self stimulation (masturbation) for his or her age Neglect - the child hoards food - continues to ask for helpings at lunch beyond a reasonable amount of food Prevention 1) Primary Prevention Educator must: -support core developmental strengths -positive role modelling for parents 2) Secondary Prevention Educator’s suspicions are based on : -the severity of the marks or injuries -the type, number, size and shape of the trauma to the skin 3) Tertiary Prevention Educators must: -provide a secure and developmentally stimulating environment for the child -maintain ongoing communication with the child protection and other agencies’ staff involved with the child and family How to Respond Effectively to a Child Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review Remember to: 1) Control your emotions, be relaxed. 2) Offer reassurance, reassure the child (i.e very brave to tell) 3) Be aware of the child’s developmental level and use of language 4) Ask questions that are open-ended (i.e. Can you tell me what happened?) 5) Respect the person who discloses, be patient. 6) Tell the child what will happen next. Do not make promises you cannot keep. 7) Follow through on legal and ethical responsibilities. Know your agency’s policies and procedures *Complete the correct form. Remember to document accordingly, clear and concise. Record all information, objective. Word for word. Should be documented as soon as possible. CAS You call when you suspect: -child maltreatment -family violence Remember to: a) Be attentive b) Document in detail all the information c) Consult with CAS before speaking with anyone else d) Continue to monitor the child e) Do not inform parent or caregiver that a suspicion of maltreatment has been reported f) Respect the confidentiality of the child and proceedings which may be involved OCCUPATIONALHEALTH Role of directors Policies can include: • An immunization schedule Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review • Reporting of workplace injuries • Techniques for Staff • Opportunities for professional development • Volunteers in the program Role of ECE • Knowledge • Attitudes • Behaviours Males in ECE 1)Accountability -under scrutiny 2) Reciprocal Support - Finding buddies 3) Positive Working Relationships Juggling stress Types of Stress a) Personal Stress b) Professional Stress c)
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