Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review
Factors Affecting Eating Habits
3) Social and Cultural
4) Body Image
Concerns About Amount of Food Eaten
Why Children are undereating?
Poor eating habits
Limited variety of foods they will eat
Security felt with food served at home
Adults who model excessive eating
Canada’s Food Guide
Four Major Food Groups (Table 5.3)
a) Vegetables and Fruits
b) Grain Products
c) Milk and Alternatives
d) Meat and Alternatives
Nutrition Facts Table is mandatory.
b) 13 Core Nutrients
Nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water.
Healthy recommendations include diets: Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review
• Low in sodium and high in potassium
• Adequate in calcium and vitamin D
• Rich in vegetables and fruits
Healthy Eating Habits
The Division of Responsibility (Satter, 1990)
1) Adults are responsible for what, when and where.
2) Responsibility of children consist of how much and whether they eat (i.e. food jags).
Provision of snack:
a) Offer a snack between 1 1/2 and 2 hours before the next meal.
b) Monitor food distribution.
Specific Nutrition Issues
a) Consumption of Vegetables and Fruit
-rich in vitamins and minerals and fibre, offer phytochemicals (compounds that give vegetable
and fruit their colour)
-younger children need higher energy foods to sustain their energy levels
-advocate for a variety of vegetables and fruit in ECE settings (See table 6.4)
b) Reduce Trans Fat and Saturated Fats
-dietary trans fat can increase the risk of developing heart disease
c) Reduce the Consumption of Carbonated and Other Low-Nutritive Beverages
-pop is leading contributor to poor oral health (high acidity causes tooth decay)
The UN Convention on the Rights of the child illustrates the basic human rights that children
are entitled to
2) Optimal development
3) Protection from harmful influences abuse and exploitation
4) Full participation in family, cultural and social life Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review
What is child maltreatment?
Child Maltreatment is:
-always a misuse of power.
- a person with greater physical, intellectual or emotional power and authority controls a
child in a way that does not contribute to the child’s health, growth and development.
Types of Child Abuse Include:
Physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect and any risk of harm.
Types of abuse
a) Includes failure to supervise or protect leading to harm
b) failure to supervise or protect a child from possible sexual abuse
c) physical neglect
d) medical neglect
e) permits criminal behaviour
f) educational neglect
b) Physical Abuse
Bruising and injuries
Questionable areas: between eyes and nose, tips of shoulders, arms, abdomen, pubic area,
thighs, buttocks, back of thighs, calves
Shaken Baby Syndrome
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
c) Emotional Abuse
Examples: rejecting behaviour
e)Sexual Abuse Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review
Indicators for Maltreatment
-demonstrates aggressive, acting out behaviour.
-child sets unreasonably high expectations for self
-refuses to try again if he or she doesn’t succeed the first time.
-child has an unusual level of self knowledge
-sexual play or excessive self stimulation (masturbation) for his or her age
- the child hoards food
- continues to ask for helpings at lunch beyond a reasonable amount of food
1) Primary Prevention
-support core developmental strengths
-positive role modelling for parents
2) Secondary Prevention
Educator’s suspicions are based on :
-the severity of the marks or injuries
-the type, number, size and shape of the trauma to the skin
3) Tertiary Prevention
-provide a secure and developmentally stimulating environment for the child
-maintain ongoing communication with the child protection and other agencies’ staff involved
with the child and family
How to Respond Effectively to a Child Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review
1) Control your emotions, be relaxed.
2) Offer reassurance, reassure the child (i.e very brave to tell)
3) Be aware of the child’s developmental level and use of language
4) Ask questions that are open-ended (i.e. Can you tell me what happened?)
5) Respect the person who discloses, be patient.
6) Tell the child what will happen next. Do not make promises you cannot keep.
7) Follow through on legal and ethical responsibilities. Know your agency’s policies and
*Complete the correct form. Remember to document accordingly, clear and concise.
Record all information, objective. Word for word. Should be documented as soon as
You call when you suspect:
a) Be attentive
b) Document in detail all the information
c) Consult with CAS before speaking with anyone else
d) Continue to monitor the child
e) Do not inform parent or caregiver that a suspicion of maltreatment has been reported
f) Respect the confidentiality of the child and proceedings which may be involved
Role of directors
Policies can include:
• An immunization schedule Amna Basit Farooqui 112- Exam review
• Reporting of workplace injuries
• Techniques for Staff
• Opportunities for professional development
• Volunteers in the program
Role of ECE
Males in ECE
2) Reciprocal Support
- Finding buddies
3) Positive Working Relationships
Types of Stress
a) Personal Stress
b) Professional Stress