ARCH 301 study.

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Department
Archaeology
Course
ARCH 301
Professor
Barbara Winter
Semester
Fall

Description
BOROBUDUR: AN INTERPRETIVE ESSAY MICHAEL KOOLE 301111102 NOVEMBER 18, 2012 INTRODUCTION The Borobudur Temple Compound is located in central Java, Indonesia and is the largest Buddhist shrine in the world. Created between 750 and 842 CE, this shrine contains a vast amount of art located all over the monument. In regards to what this art means, very little remains disputed. Because Buddhism is so well understood, the stories and tales that are depicted are also well understood. The objective of this essay will be to discuss what the art represents, from the relief panels to the Buddha statues adorned all over the monument. Another area of focus will pertain to the somewhat disputed meaning behind the monument itself. Relief Panels Figure 2 Position of narrative relief stories in Borobudur (Kartapranata 2011). Section Location Story # of Panels Hidden Foot - Karmavibhangga 160 Main Wall a) Lalitavistara 120 First Gallery b) Jātaka/Avadāna 120 Balustrade a) Jātaka/Avadāna 372 b) Jātaka/Avadāna 128 Second Gallery Main Wall Gandavyuha 128 Balustrade Jātaka/Avadāna 100 Third Gallery Main Wall Gandavyuha 88 Balustrade Gandavyuha 88 Fourth Gallery Main Wall Gandavyuha 84 Balustrade Gandavyuha 72 Total: 1460 Figure 3 A description of the narrative panels (Soekmono 1976:20) Buddha Statues 1 Mudra Symbolic Meaning Dhyani Buddha Cardinal
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