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ASC101_Midterm Study Guide.docx

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Simon Fraser University
ASC 101
Tsuyoshi Kawasaki

ASC101 Midterm Study Guide Basic Chronology 1840-1842 Opium War 1853 Black Ships arrive in Japan 1868 Meiji Restoration in Japan 1894-1895 Sino-Japanese War 1895 Japan annexes Taiwan as a result of Sino-Japanese War 1898 The Philippines become a US colony 1898 The US annexes Hawaii 1902 Anglo-Japanese alliance is signed 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War 1910 Japan annexes Korea 1911 The 1911 Revolution in China; the Qing Dynasty falls; the Republic of China is established in 1912 1932 Manchukuo is established under Japanese military control Chinese 1885 Head Tax ($50 raised to $100 in 1901 and $500 in 1904) 1923 Chinese Immigration Act is introduced 1947 Chinese Immigration Act is revoked 2006 The Canadian federal government promises to issue a formal apology to Head Tax Victims Japanese 1907 Vancouver Riot 1908 1 Canada-Japan Gentlemen’s Agreement ~1910 After 1910, Japanese women emigrated to Canada-picture brides- forming Japanese families in Canada in the 1920s and 1930s-more assimilated to Canada compared with predominantly male Chinese or South Asian (mainly Sikh) communities 1942 Internment 1988 The federal government offers a formal apology and financial compensation to those who were interned during World War II South Asian 1908 Continuing Journey clause is put in the immigration law 1914 Komagatamaru Incident 2008 Prime Minister apologies on the Komagatamaru Incident General 1947 Canadian Citizenship Act is enacted Late 1940s Franchises to Asian-Canadians 1948-1957 Changes in immigration policy start 1962-1967 Nationality-related clauses are dropped in the immigration law Key Concepts Asia, Asia-Pacific, Pacific Asia, East Asia, Northeast Asia, and Southeast Asia Asian Canadians, Asian-Canadians, Indo-Canadians, Orientals Imperialism (also called colonialism)-foreign policy, backed by force, to conquer, dominate, or control other societies Racism-the act or policy to discriminate against others on the basis of race, often with the belief that the others’ race is inferior Social Darwinism-the social theory-an application of Charles Darwin’s concept of natural selection-that argues that the white race is more advanced (more “evolved”) than other races as a result of natural selection (so-called “the survival of the fittest”) Stereotypes-a simplified, distorted, exaggerated, and/or even concocted image of a social group, often with negative connotations Sojourners-short-term visitors Yellow Peril-European fear of Asian backlash Unassimilable-cannot absorbed into a group of people in a community Segregation-the separation of an individual or individuals from a larger group, often in order to apply special treatment to the separated individual or group John Chinaman-a typical persona of Chinese labourers in western society Jap- informal, offensive term for Japanese Xenophobia-intense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries White Canada Forever p.19-22 -BC as a "structurally plural society" society: Whites, Asians, and Natives -Whites’ perceived threat to Canada’s cultural homogeneity – self-identity defined in terms of race -Race as the key concept in the 19th century -Obsession with “racial purity” in a socially segmented society (despite economic contacts), resulting in persistent stereotypes -Political power was monopolized by White Canadian
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