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BPK 110 Study Guide - Phytochemical, Peanut Butter, Osteoporosis

6 Pages
96 Views
Summer 2012

Department
Biomedical Physio & Kines
Course Code
BPK 110
Professor
Gina Whitaker

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Chapter 1 & 2
All of the following are macronutrients except
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Protein
* Vitamins
Gram per gram blank provides the most k calories
Alcohol
Carbohydrates
* Lipids
Proteins
Which of the following statements regarding phytonutrients is true?
They are essential for life
They are always harmful to our health
* They are found in plant foods
They contribute to the calories that we eat in our diet
Which nutrient intake recommendation is used as a goal when a Recommended Dietary
Allowance does not exist?
Adequate Intake
* Estimated Average Requirement
Estimated Energy Requirement
Tolerable Upper Intake Level
Which of the following statements are written in the Canada Food Guide?
Avoid all fats whenever possible
* Eat at least two servings of fish each week
University students should add a multivitamin supplement to their diets
Juice is an equal substitute for fruit
Chapter 3
The organ that produces bile is the
Gallbladder
* Liver
Pancreas
Stomach
The function of pancreatic proteases is to
Break down proteins in the stomach
Break down proteins in the pancreas
* Break down proteins in the small intestine
Break down proteins in the last intestine
Factors that influence transit time through the GI tract include everything except
Composition of the meal
Emotional status of the individual
Use of certain medicines
* All of these influence transit time
Amylase is an enzyme that digests
Hormones
Proteins
* Carbohydrates
Fats
Yogurt is generally a good source of blank
Fiber
Prebiotics
* Probiotics
Vitamin E
Chapter 4
In a refined grain, which part always remains?
Germ
Bran
* Endosperm
All of the above
Foods high in added refined sugar
* Contain empty calories
Contain all of the vitamins and minerals from the original source of sugar
Are nutrient dense
Are just as good as those with natural added sugars
Complex carbohydrates include the following except
* Maltose
Lignin
Pectin
Cellulose
A drastic increase in fiber intake over a short period of time may result in
Jaw pain from increase chewing
*Increased intestinal gas
Sudden onset of iron-deficiency anemia
Low blood pressure from dehydration

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Description
Chapter 1 & 2 All of the following are macronutrients except Carbohydrates Lipids Protein * Vitamins Gram per gram blank provides the most k calories Alcohol Carbohydrates * Lipids Proteins Which of the following statements regarding phytonutrients is true? They are essential for life They are always harmful to our health * They are found in plant foods They contribute to the calories that we eat in our diet Which nutrient intake recommendation is used as a goal when a Recommended Dietary Allowance does not exist? Adequate Intake * Estimated Average Requirement Estimated Energy Requirement Tolerable Upper Intake Level Which of the following statements are written in the Canada Food Guide? Avoid all fats whenever possible * Eat at least two servings of fish each week University students should add a multivitamin supplement to their diets Juice is an equal substitute for fruit Chapter 3 The organ that produces bile is the Gallbladder * Liver Pancreas Stomach The function of pancreatic proteases is to Break down proteins in the stomach Break down proteins in the pancreas * Break down proteins in the small intestine Break down proteins in the last intestine Factors that influence transit time through the GI tract include everything except Composition of the meal Emotional status of the individual Use of certain medicines * All of these influence transit time Amylase is an enzyme that digests Hormones Proteins * Carbohydrates Fats Yogurt is generally a good source of blank Fiber Prebiotics * Probiotics Vitamin E Chapter 4 In a refined grain, which part always remains? Germ Bran * Endosperm All of the above Foods high in added refined sugar * Contain empty calories Contain all of the vitamins and minerals from the original source of sugar Are nutrient dense Are just as good as those with natural added sugars Complex carbohydrates include the following except * Maltose Lignin Pectin Cellulose A drastic increase in fiber intake over a short period of time may result in Jaw pain from increase chewing *Increased intestinal gas Sudden onset of iron-deficiency anemia Low blood pressure from dehydration Chapter 5 Fatty acids contain all of the following atoms expect Hydrogen * Nitrogen Carbon Oxygen Which fatty acid is considered essential? Saturated * Alpha-linolenic Stearic Unsaturated To obtain essential fatty acids from the diet, the best choice would be * Salmon Beef Chicken Whole grains Which of the following statements about cholesterol is false? It is used to synthesize Vitamin D It is needed to make bile It is an essential component of animal cell membranes * It is found in peanut butter and avocados The transport of cholesterol to the liver for elimination is accomplished by Chylomicrons VLDLs * HDLs LDLs Chapter 7 Which of the following would not affect vitamin content in a food source? Boiling vegetables Soaking and rinsing rice Removing the peal in your apple * Chopping up your carrot rather than eating it whole Which of the following is a water soluble vitamin? * Vitamin C Thiamin Riboflavin Vitamin B12 All of the following are characteristics of water soluble vitamins except Dissolve freely in the blood * Are stored in cells associated with fat Toxicity
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