Study Guides (380,000)
CA (150,000)
SFU (4,000)
BPK (400)
BPK 110 (30)

BPK 110 Study Guide - Pernicious Anemia, Hemolytic Anemia, Yolk


Department
Biomedical Physio & Kines
Course Code
BPK 110
Professor
Gina Whitaker

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Water Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin
Sources
Major Functions
Deficiency diseases and
symptoms; groups at risk (if any)
Toxicity symptoms
Thiamin
Whole and enriched
grains, pork, legumes,
nuts, liver, watermelon
Coenzyme in glucose and energy
metabolism
Neurotransmitter synthesis-the
metabolism of other sugars and
amino acids and, the synthesis
of ribose (part of RNA) and
deoxyribose (part of DNA)
Beriberi: weakness, fatigue, nerve
degeneration, heart changes
Alcoholics
None
Riboflavin
Dairy products, whole
and enriched grains,
leafy greens, meat
Coenzyme in energy metabolism
Helps convert other vitamins
into their active form
Inflammation of mouth and
tongue, skin, eyes, digestive tract
Cracked lips
Sensitivity to light
None
Niacin
Meat, fish, peanuts,
whole and enriched
grains
Can be synthesized
from tryptophan
Coenzyme in energy metabolism
Lipid synthesis and breakdown
Pellagra: dermatitis, diarrhea,
dementia, death
Limited corn based diets
Alcoholics
Flushing, nausea, rash,
tingling extremities
Pantothenic
Acid
Meats, eggs, whole
grains, legumes
Forms part of coenzyme A
which is involved in over 100
metabolic reactions
None
Biotin
Liver, egg yolks, soy
beans, fish, whole
grains
Can be synthesized by
colonic bacteria
Coenzyme in energy metabolism
Glucose and fatty acid synthesis
Fatty acid and amino acid
breakdown
Nausea, thinning air, loss of hair
color, red skin rash, depression
Those consuming large amounts
of raw egg whites
None
Vitamin B6
(pyridoxal
phosphate)
Meat, fish, poultry,
liver
Coenzyme in protein and amino
acid metabolism
Neurotransmitter and
hemoglobin synthesis
Microcytic anemia, nerve
damage, impaired immune
function, poor growth
Alcoholics, elderly
Nerve damage
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Folate
Leafy greens, legumes,
enriched grains
Coenzyme in DNA synthesis and
amino acid metabolism
Macrocytic anemia, neural tube
defects, inflammation of tongue,
diarrhea, poor growth
Pregnant women
Masks Vitamin B12
deficiency
Vitamin B12
Animal products
Coenzyme in fatty acid
metabolism
Myelin maintenance
Coverts homocysteine to
methionine (with folate)
Pernicious anemia, macrocytic
anemia, nerve damage
Vegans
Elderly with stomach or intestinal
disease
None
Vitamin C
Citrus fruits, berries,
peppers
Synthesis and maintenance of
collagen (connective tissue)
Synthesis of various
neurotransmitters, hormones,
bile acids, and carnitine
Acts as an antioxidant
Scurvy: poor wound healing,
bleeding gums, tooth loss, joint
pain, bleeding into the skin and
mucous membrane and fatigue
Nausea, abdominal
cramps, diarrhea
Choline
Egg yolks, broccoli,
nuts, wheat germ
Synthesis in the body
Synthesis of cell membranes
and neurotransmitters
Sweating, low blood
pressure, liver damage
Fat Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin
Sources
Major Functions
Deficiency disease symptoms;
groups at risk (if any)
Toxicity Symptoms
Vitamin A
Retinol: liver, fish,
fortified milk, eggs
Carotenoids: carrots,
leafy greens, sweet
potatoes, broccoli
Vision
Cell differentiation
Reproduction and Growth
Antioxidants (carotenoids only)
Xerophthalmia: night blindness
Keratinization: drying and
hardening of cornea
Dry rough scaly skin, impaired
immune function
People living in poverty
People who consume low-fat or
low-protein diets
Headache, vomiting, hair
loss, liver damage, skin
changes, bone fractures,
birth defects
Hypercarotenemia (non
toxic)-accumulation of
carotenoids in the
adipose tissue causing
yellow-orange skin
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version