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BPK 140 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Streptococcal Pharyngitis, Risk Management, Allergen

Biomedical Physio & Kines
Course Code
BPK 140
Mike Walsh
Study Guide

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1. Define pathogen
Any disease causing agent
2. Name the different types of pathogens and give two examples for each
Virus- HIV/ hepatis
Bacteria- TB/ strep throat
Fungi- athletes foot, candida albicans
Parasitic worms- tape worm, ring worms
Protozoa malaria, beaver fever
Prions- mad cow disease
3. Describe the chain of infection
Pathogen- any disease causing agent
Resorvior- human, animal or environmental pathogen can be stable or multiply
Portal of exit- bacterial, respritatory, digestive, bodily fluids
Mode of transmission- direct (kissing, touching, shaking hands, sneezing) + indirect
(food utensils, soil)
Portal of entry- same as exit
The new host cell has been infected with virus
4. Name the different ports through which the pathogen can leave the hosts body and give
an example for each
Bacterial- salvia
Respiratory- lungs
Intestinal- urine
5. What is a fomite
Any indirect and inanimate objects (soil, food, cooking utensils)
6. What is a vector
Living organism
Mechanical- transmitting or carrying bacteria
Biological- bacteria or virus living inside and growing
7. Name the stages of infection
Incubation stage- silent state between infection and symptoms
Predormal stage- pathogen begins to invade tissues, sneezing occurs, runny nose and
slight fever
Clinical stage- person has been infected and experiences typical symptoms
Decline stage- pathogen declining, symptoms reduced
Recovery- back to normal, but pathogen still in body while infection has subsidized
8. What are the factors that make someone susceptible to a disease?
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Controllable factors- smoking, diet
Uncontrollable factors- age, sex, ethinicty
Previous experience with illness
Number of invading cells
State of host
9. Define an antigen.
Something identified as a foreign substance to the body, resulting in an immune
10. Describe the third line of defense against infection.
11. Macrophages take surface proteins of a bacterium or virus and present them on their
cell membrane. This activates t helper cells cells.
12. An allergen stimulates an increase in IGE production that in turn stimulates the release
of histamine from granule cells. This can cause vasodilation of
________________________ and vasoconstriction of ___________________________
13. List 3 types of vaccines.
- Live weakened pathogen (measles, mumps)
- Killed pathogens (polio, diphtheria)
- Toxoid (tetanus)
14. Name and define the different components of wellness
physical wellness- diet, exercise, drugs and alcohol
environmental/ planetary wellness- relations with environment
mental wellness state of thinking
intellectual- learning new things
spiritual wellness religion, peace and harmony
emotional- feelings, mental state
social/interpersonal- good relations with friends and family
generational- dna, genes, family health problems
15. What are the factors that influence wellness? Give an example for each factor
Enthicity, gene, culture, gender, income and education and disability
16. Name and define the different medical models
Treatment model- doctor manipulates medicine or patient, once symptoms are cured then
treatment is stopped
Risk management- managing potential risk factors linked to certain diseases
Holistic model- looks at mental and physical aspects then treats patient
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17. Who were Jenner, Fleming, and Salk?
Jenner developed small pox vaccine
Fleming- pencillion for bacterial disease
Salk- polio vaccine
18. What are the most common causes of death worldwide?
heart disease, by cancer, stroke, COPD, and accidents
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