1. Recent research has shown that trans fats raise LDL (‘bad’) cholesterol while lowering HDL
cholesterol (the ‘good’ cholesterol that takes away excess ‘bad’ cholesterol from the body).
Trans fat intake results in unfavorable blood lipid profile
2. Eighty percent of Canadian adults have no elevated risks for cardiovascular disease.
80% have at least one risk factor
3. According to a recent study, men who ran for an hour or more per week reduced their risk of
heart disease by 42%, compared with and 18% reduction for those who walked briskly for a
half-hour per day or more.
Physical activity is important for reducing risk of heart disease
4. The two most common forms of cardiovascular disease in Canada are: high blood pressure
(hypertension) and coronary heart disease (narrowing of the heart’s blood vessels).
Highlights most common cardiovascular problems in Canada
5. According to a Canadian Cancer Society spokesperson, the number of new cancer cases in
Canada is growing half as fast as the population is growing (ie while population grew 2%
annually from 2000-2004, new cancer cases grew 1% annually).
Opposite – new cancer cases growing twice as fast as population (2% compared with 1% pop.
1. The following information on dieting supports heart health:
a. eating plenty of vegetables and fruit reduces your risk of developing heart disease and stroke
b. Refined carbohydrates are a better choice than whole grains when it comes to heart health
c. Eating fish regularly can cause erratic heart rhythms, a common cause of sudden cardiac
d. all of the above information supports heart health ANSWER: A
Fruits and vegetables are an important part of a heart healthy diet
2. The following is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease you can control:
a. race and ethnicity
b. age and gender
c. male pattern baldness
d. high blood pressure
A number of therapeutic interventions are available to treat and prevent hypertension
3. Recently research has shown a connection between viruses and cancer in humans. One
example of this connection is:
a. Human papilloma virus (HPV) has been linked to increased risk of cancer of the pharynx
b. Human immune deficiency virus (HIV) can lead to Kaposi’s sarcoma
c. Rotavirus can cause liver cancer
d. all of the above examples are correct