KIN 140 CH. 2.docx

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Department
Biomedical Physio & Kines
Course
BPK 140
Professor
Mandana Salajegheh
Semester
Fall

Description
Kin 140 Chapter 2 03/13/2014 Psychosocial health: encompasses the mental, emotional, social and spiritual, dimensions of health Psychosocially healthy people: Able to meet their own demands of life (ex. Going to class on time) Feel comfortable with other people of different groups or ethnicity Enjoy doing simple things that make other happy Cherish things that make them smile (ex. Cards from others) Respect environment and aspects of life Unhealthy people: Develop prejudice with certain types of people Affects emotional health and mental health Mental Health: people who take responsibility for themselves Mentally healthy people: Perceive things realistically Able to use logical thinking Don’t blame others for own mistakes and learn from mistakes Sharp declines in rational thinking >> poor mental health Emotions: physiological arousal, feelings, cognitive processes and behavioral reactions Emotional Health: Respond accurately to upsetting events Able to control emotions and not let it overpower one’s self Outcomes of poor emotional health: Unable to hold on to relationships Unable to handle stress from school Emotionally unstable Social health: Relating Able to interact with others (in groups or individually) Able to adapt to a variety of social settings Health factors: Social Bonds: nature of relationships and level of bonds Social Supports: two types Expressive: supportive and encouraging Structural: ex. When parents give you money for doing good in school People with higher degree with social supports can bounce back faster from events in life Lack of social health = prejudice and bias towards individuals or groups Spiritual Healthy people: Search for meaning, connectedness, energy, and transcendence Recognition of uniqueness, strengths and weaknesses in the universe Takes time and effort to enhance spiritual health Interconnectedness: connect to self, others and larger purpose Mindfulness: Be fully present in the moment Everyday life: Develop to out fullest potential Believe in yourself, having hope in your life Having faith Having love without changing yourself or other people Community: Living in harmony Ex. Doing volunteering work External Influences (things we do not have control over): Includes: Influences of the family:  Healthy: loving Dysfunctional: never learn to trust others (since toddlers), difficulties in psychosocial health in the future Influences of the environment: Childhood environments Access to services and programs Personality may change in the future due to various events Internal Influences: Eg. personality traits, hormonal functioning, physical health High Self­efficiacy people: believe in themselves that they can do better >> high self esteem Low self­effeciacy people: don’t believe in themselves because I’ve tried it before and it never worked  (learned helplessness) Self­esteem: self respect or self worth Learned optimism: if overall successful in life >> do something challenging and believe you can do it Learned helplessness Personality: unique mix of characteristics that distinguishes people from each other Healthy traits:  Conscientiousness,  agreeableness,  openness to experience,  emotional stability extroversion: cares about other people too Resiliency and Developmental Assets Resiliency: ability to cope with events in life and are able to go back on track Assets: positive forces such as financial, emotional, spiritual and physical assets etc. >> high resiliency Developing and maintaining self esteem and efficacy Develop a support group and be supportive of others Complete required tasks: ex graduating from university Forming realistic expectations Make and take time for yourself Maintain physical health Getting adequate sleep Never skip breakfast: nutritious food Mind and Body: Science of Psychoneuroimmunology Negative emotions make us sick Stress >> depression Positive emotions make you feel better Boost immune system Physically happier Laughter effects stress hormones, heart and respiration rate Components of subjective well­being Satisfaction with present life Relative presence of positive emotions Relative absence of negative emotions Mental Illnesses Causes ex: abusive relationship, stress, anxiety, traumatic events, chemical imbalance, drug interactions Disorders affect thinking, feeling, moods and behaviours 1 in 5 Canadians will experience mental illness in their lives Depression: most common mental disorder Women have greater risk of depression than men Sadness, loss of interest, hopelessness, worthlessness Age 20­24 are at greater risk Endogenous: biochemical origin, ex low level of e
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