Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
SFU (5,000)
BPK (400)
BPK 140 (60)

BPK 140 Study Guide - Cholesterol, Hamstring, Fad Diet


Department
Biomedical Physio & Kines
Course Code
BPK 140
Professor
Andrew Blaber

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 22 pages of the document.
BPK 140 - Chapter 1
Holism - the theory that "whole entities" have an existence other than the mere sum
of its parts
First Nations Medicine Wheel:
West: EMOTIONAL North: SPIRITUAL
-fall -winter
-emotional response -actions (behaviour)
-black (blue) -white
-sharing -strength
-animal (medicine) -rock
East: PHYSICAL South: Mental
-spring -summer
-yellow -knowledge
-kindness -honesty
-eagle -red
-tree
4 Fundamental Values 4 Aspects of "Self"
1. Sharing 1. Emotional
2. Kindness 2. Mental
3. Strength 3. Physical
4. Honesty 4. Spiritual
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
What is Health?
Health - the complete state of "physical, mental, and social" well-being and not
merely the absence of disease/illness
(MORE OF A STATE THAN A PROCESS)
Health Models
Model - a way of representing a concept
Medical Model of Health - health was primarily viewed as the "absence of a
disease"
Signs - something you can SEE
Symptoms - something you can FEEL
GOAL - Prevent Morbidity + Mortality (Disease and Death)
Health Promotion
-the process of ENABLING PEOPLE to "increase control" and improve their
health
Involves: empowerment, community support, healthy public policy,
supportive environments, knowledge translation
3 National Health Challenges 3 Mechanisms to Health Promotion
1. reducing inequities 1. Self Care
2. increasing prevention methods 2. Mutual Aid
3. enhancing people's capacity to cope 3. Healthy Environments
Determining Health
Choices - lifestyle decisions (ex. smoking, diet, physical
activity
Chances - genetic makeup, ethnicity, sex, age, early childhood
experiences
Circumstances - neighbourhood, school + work environment,
natural environment
Quality of Life Model: BEING, BELONGING, BECOMING
BEING - what one is
Physical Being - health, hygiene, nutrition, exercise, grooming,
clothing
(APPEARANCE)
Psychological Being - health and adjustment, self-esteem,
cognitions, self-concept and control (MENTAL)
Spiritual Being - personal values and standards, conduct,
spiritual beliefs
(SPIRTUAL)
BELONGING - being part of
Physical Belonging - home, workplace, school, community
(PLACE)

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Social Belonging - intimate others, family, friends, co-workers
(FRIENDS)
Community Belonging - adequate income, health and social
services, employment, education + recreational activities, community
events
BECOMING - being within
Practical Becoming - domestic activities, paid work, school activities
Leisure Becoming - activities that promote "relaxation" and "stress
reduction"
Growth Becoming - promote "maintenance + improvement" of
knowledge and skills, adapting to change
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
What is "Wellness"??
-the purposeful, enjoyable living (A dynamic process of continually moving towards
ONE'S POTENTIAL for optimal functioning
MORE OF A PROCESS THAN A STATE
Dimensions of Wellness
1. Occupational - vocational career
2. Intellectual - creativity-information skills
3. Social - family, community, environment
4. Emotional - sexuality relationships
5. Physical - fitness, motivation, self-care, safety
6. Spiritual - values and ethics
Illness-Wellness Continuum
Premature Death High Level Wellness
←−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−− −−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−−→
Disability Symptoms Signs AwarenessEducation Growth
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The Health of Canadians
-life expectancy in 2005-2007: men: 78
women: 83
Life Expectancy VS. Life Span
life expectancy - how many years a GROUP OF PEOPLE are "expected" to live
lifespan - how many years 1 PERSON is going to live
(the increase in life expectancy between 1920-2007) was largely due to a
DECREASING INFANT MORTALITY RATE)
the inclusion of infant mortality rates creates an impression that earlier
generations died at a younger age
Major Health Challenges In Canada
3/5 deaths due to Cancer or Cardiovascular disease
Potential Years of Life Lost (PYLL) higher in northern Canada
sharp increase in "chronic diseases" such as "obesity" and
"diabetes"
Hypertension affects 1 in 5 Canadians
Mental Health issues a major concern
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Social Determinants of Health
-health status is also associated with:
education and care in early life
income inequity
job security and working conditions
housing and food security
social exclusion
LARGE GAP IN SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS = LOWER HEALTH STATUS
OF OVERALL POPULATION
Strategies to IMPROVE socioeconomic determinants of health
social inclusion, reducing social injustice
full employment, job security, healthy working conditions
universal health care access
high-quality public education
adequate housing and food
reducing income disparities
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Behaviour Change

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

-to LOWER your risk for health issues = need to change negative health
behaviours
MUST MATCH COMPLEXITY TO CAPACITY
Factors that Shape Behaviour Change
1. Predisposing Factors: knowledge, attitude, beliefs, values, perceptions
2. Enabling Factors: skills, resources, accessible facilities, physical and mental
capabilities
3. Reinforcing Factors: praise from others, rewards, encouragement, recognition,
sense of achievement
-set S.M.A.R.T goals: to INCREASE likelihood for success, make sure goal is
S.M.A.R.T: (S) Specific, (M): Measureable, (A): Achievable, (R) - Realistic,
(T) -Trackable
Psychological factors that Improve Likelihood of Behaviour Change
-Self-efficacy - belief in your ability to accomplish a goal
-Internal Locus of Control - belief that your behaviour is UNDER YOUR
CONTROL and not influenced by "external, unchangeable factors"
-Internal Positive Reinforcement - not waiting for external reinforcement to
influence behaviour - rely on self-compliments
-Self-Talk - encouraging self comments, reasoning through positive decision-making
-Low Dichotomous Thinking (black/white) - not thinking in terms of "good" and
"bad"
-Social Support
Stages of Change
1. Precontemplation - consciousness raising
2. Contemplation - emotional arousal, self-re-evaluation
3. Preparation - commitment
4. Action
5. Maintenance -rewards, countering, environmental control, helping
relationships
Termination
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chapter 2
Psychological Health: Emotional + Mental Health
Emotional health: feelings, moods
Mental Health: (thoughts)
-accurate view of reality
-ability to respond to life's challenges
-ability to develop rational strategies of living
Spiritual Health - the ability to identify our basic purpose in life and to
experience fulfillment of achieving our full potential
Emotional Intelligence
-the subset of social intelligence that involves the ability to see one's own
feelings and emotions as well as others. And to distinguish between them
and use that info to guide actions and thinking
5 Components
1. Self-Awareness
2. Altruism - selfless thinking about others
3. Personal Motivation
4. Empathy
5. Ability to Love
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Leading a Fulfilling Life
Instrumental Values - represent WAYS OF THINKING
AND ACTING that we hold important
Terminal Values - represent GOALS,
ACHIEVEMENTS, IDEAL STATES that we strive towards
To live in accordance with your values ....
-consider CONSEQUENCES of actions
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version