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Ch 2 Textbook Notes


Department
Business Administration
Course Code
BUS 361
Professor
Sussman

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Ch. 2 The Project Management Lifecycle
5 phases: planning and selection, analysis, design, implementation,
and maintenance
What is the project management life cycle?
Phase: a smaller part of a project
Phase exits: review of the deliverables at the end of a phase of a
project
Cost and staffing levels, low at start, high at end
Probability of success is low at beginning so is risk and uncertainty
high
Stakeholder influence is great at beginning low at end
Project management and systems development or
acquisition
Systems development life cycle: a common methodology for systems
development that marks the phases or steps of information systems
development
oPlanning, analysis, design, implementation, maintenance
Phase 1: systems planning
The first phase of the SDLC, where the need for new or enhanced
systems is identifies and the proposed system scope is determined
oResults from
Requests to deal with problems in current procedures
The desire to perform additional tasks
The realization that information technology could be used
to capitalize on an existing opportunity
Phase 2: systems analysis
The second phase in the SDLC, where the system requirements are
determined, alternative solutions are developed, and one is chosen that
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best meets those requirements five the cost, labor, and technical
resources the organization is willin to commit
Phase 3: system designs
The third phase in the SDLC, where the descriptions of the
recommended alternatives are converted into a logical description and
then into physical system specification
Logical design: specifications that focus on the original, flow and
processing of data in a system but are not tied to any specific hardware
and systems software platform
Physical design: structured systems design that can be broken down
into smaller and smaller units for conversion into instructions written
in a programming language
Phase 4: system implementation
System implementation: the fourth phase in the SDLC, where the
system specifications are turned into a working system that is tested
and then put to use
Phase 5: System maintenance
The final phase in the SDLC, where programmers make the changes
that users ask for and modify the system to reflect changing business
conditions
The project management context
Project stakeholders
Organizational influences
Organizational culture
Organizational structure
Functional organizational structure: a traditional hierarchical
organization, sometimes thought of as resembling a pyramid, with top
management at the fulcrum, direct workers at the bottom and the
middle managers in between
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