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CMNS 130 All Lectures

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CMNS 130
Ian Chunn

CMNS 130 Explorations in Mass Communication Sept 7 Lecture tapes: Library website >> learning commons Understanding and avoiding plagiarism an interactive tutorial Library > Research Help > Tutorials > Plagiarism For next Thursday, write a 100 word reflection on the experience (signed) Including your understanding of patch writing Assignments: Title page: o Title o Your name o TAs name o Tutorial # o Date o Word Count Page numbers on upper right corner Citations, References in APA _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Keep in mind, in whose interest is this coming from? Faking the news Why do we attend to that to which we attend? The media give us a great deal to which we attend to Agenda-setting The media dont necessarily tell us what to think but they tell us what to think about We should be able to study the modes of the media as self defense against media fallout Discourse knowledge community Knowledge / power Michel Foucault Mark Kingwell Catch & Release Writing: the active thinking of the seated Think in new ways as media users, as reflective media practitioners o Even as audience members, take in info and think about it engaging with the media in a thoughtful way Confucius: Absolute fundamental importance is that we say what we mean live in a world that is coherent with our sense of fairness o Define your terms do not use terms arbitrarily, but show that you have an understanding of it Definitions (outlines) Communication: communicate: to share, impart, make meaning common To give or receive information, signals, messages in any way Using talk, gestures, writing, or other means Question: how do we negotiate this common meaning, and come to or agree to be bound by it? Media are located within and work to construct meaning in everyday life (Grasberg et al 237) Mass communication (almost all of these wards may be plumbed): Cultural transmission of symbolic forms, Involving material practices and objects (e.g. a transmission system) Within a political economic context With decoders/receivers socially situated (e.g. from one person, group, or institution to large audiences that are dispersed, anonymous, and unknown to each other) (John Thompson) Mass medias social functions (Lazarsfeld and Merton, 1930s) Status conferral: media coverage, good or bad, enhances the social standing of policies, persons, groups Enforcement of social norms: media can close the gap between private attitudes and public morality, reaffirm mainstream moral standards by calling attention to deviations from the norm, and through publicity, exerting pressure towards social conformism Narcotizing dysfunction: media keep large masses of the population politically apathetic an inert by giving product good for only a superficial concern with the problems of society; we come to mistake knowing about problems of the day for doing something about them Range of influence of communication (McBride Report in Lorimer and Gasher, ch 1) How we think about ourselves, how we act in the world, interactions among nations SPEECTFI: FEETPICS Social dimension: fills a social need, provides information base for society, community, or group to coalesceand interact around, contributing to social cohesion, sense of belonging to Canada Political dimension as political instrument for reform, or suppressing individuals and information (FOI, privacy) Economic dimension economic force: information; infrastructure Educational dimension potential. Using new technologies; also exclude (information possessed by doctors, engineers, lawyers); computers equalize? Cultural dimension impulse and a threat to culture Technological dimension dilemma: tech advance not a beneficial side effect of the pursuit of knowledge, but an extension of conceptual thought to create devices that are feasible and have market value. **Technological determinism. Technological imperative. Familial or primary social group dimension changes the dynamics of the group; children exposed to info, language different from elders; alternative role models. (e.g. how TV changed family dynamics) Individual dimension identity. Models; certain character types reinforced, narrowing choices; patterns of use _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Sept 14 Communication The circulation of ideas and images in society Models: (MCIC p. 10) = Lorimer & Gasher Transmission Transformation Forms: (MCIC Ch. 2) Centralized Decentralized Public access Ideology Dickerson & Flanagan, 85-87 Media as ideological institutions How ideology mystifies Principal Ideologies Liberalism o Classical o Reform Democracy Values in the News (MCIC p. 236) Normative Theories of the Press Authoritarian Libertarian Social Responsibility _____________________________________________________________________________________________ September 11 Reflecting on our treat environment Security and public safety Acknowledging that there are pressing public interests around these issues Notion of public interest Our Right to Know - Sept 25-29 is Right to Know Week Information & privacy commission September 29 BC Information Summit _____________________________________________________________________________________________ Transmission and transformation Media transfer information and also transform it, and us Transmission: Shannon and Weaver, late 1940s, fig 1.1 pg 10 (MCIC) (signal, noise) Transformation: social model of communication: encoding envelope etc. fig 1.2 p. 11 Communication is the process by which a message (content, meaning) is encoded, transmitted, and decoded, and the manner in which a message is transformed by that process Mass communication is o The transmission and transformation of meaning on a large scale o The representation of shared beliefs where reality is produced, maintained, repaired, and transformed (Murray, notes) Three forms of mass communication, emphasizing provision of information (Lorimer and Gasher ch 2) 1. The centralized production and dissemination of mass information and entertainment : corporately financed production of entertainment and information to large, unknown audiences through print, screen, audio, bra, a/v, internet, public performance for public and private consumption. Some state regulation. E.g. radio, TV, newspapers, film, mags, books, recoded music, ads 2. the decentralized production and wide accessibility of info and entertainment , primary public accessthe internet: e.g. websites, some books, mags, scholarly journals, cable, community radio 3. the exchange of info that takes place among individuals and groups by means of public access to communication channels, e.g. phone, mail, email, pagers, two-way radio (ham), fax Ideology CC p. 85 (Dickerson and Flanagan) An ideology is a value or belief system that is accepted as fact or truth by some group. It is composed of sets of attitudes towards the various institutions and processesof society. It provides the believer with a picture of the world as it is and as it should beand, in doing so, it organizes the tremendous complexity of the world into something fairly simple and understandable.. an ideology must be a more or less connected set of beliefs that provides the believer with a fairly thorough picture of the world o Key attributes (CC 86) Accepted by large numbers and passed on in normal channels of cultural transmission Moral. Includes beliefs about how people should act and what they should consider right or wrong Simplified. Reduces complexity More or less coherent (families of ideas CC 87) Raymond Williams structures of feeling; this doesnt feel right Media are powerful ideological institutions. Because they re-present and make claims about the way the world is o They are possibly the most important producers of meaning and the codes of meaning in contemporary society o They are often a central and important part of our everyday lives Ideologies: systems of meaning within which people live their relationship to reality o Define what is taken to be common sense, natural o You are no
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