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Midterm

CRIM 101 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Summary Offence, Crime Prevention, Political Crime

30 pages71 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 101
Professor
Sheri Fabian
Study Guide
Midterm

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What is Criminology?
Examines crime as a social phenomenon
Includes:
oMaking laws
oBreaking laws
oReacting to breaking laws
Scientific study of human behaviour, crime causation, crime prevention, and punishment
and rehabilitation of offenders
Our definition of criminology
Interdisciplinary profession built around scientific study of crime and criminal behaviour
oIncludes form, causes, legal aspects, and control
The primary criminological specialties/approaches
Sociology
Psychology
Biology
Economics
Geography/environment
Political science
Law
Objectives of criminology
To develop body of general and verified principles regarding processes of law, crime and
treatment
Primary focus on causes of crime and criminality
Components of discipline of criminology
Six main areas
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oDefining crime and criminals
oOrigins and role of law
oSocial distribution of crime
oCauses of crime
oPatterns of criminal behaviour
oSocietal reactions to crime
Why do we need to study crime?
To better understand out social lives
oBoth criminal behaviours and societys responses to these behaviours
If we understand crime, we are better equipped to prevent it
Know how to allocate resources
Crime affects everyone
Things to know from chapter 1
Define criminology
What criminologists study
The role or rules
How rules become formal laws
How we define crime
Differences between crime and deviance
Meaning of “crime is socially defined”
How crime changes over time
3 theoretical perspectives of criminology
2 perspectives of crime causation
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What is crime?
An act that violates criminal law and is punishable by sanctions
What is deviance?
oBehaviour that violates social norms
Continuum of crime and deviance
Three main forms of law
Civil law
oRegulates arrangements between individuals
Criminal law
oRegulates actions with potential to harm state interests
Administrative law
oRegulates daily business activities
Criminal Law
Body of jurisprudence that
odefines crimes
ospecifies penalties
oprovides general principles regarding criminal responsibility
oprovides defences to criminal charges
Types of criminal laws
Indictable offences
Summary conviction offences (max 6 months)
Super summary conviction offence (max 18 months)
Hybrid offences (Crown chooses to proceed as summary conviction or indictment)
Sources of criminal law
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