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Study Guide

[CRIM 103] - Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam (50 pages long!)


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRIM 103
Professor
Chantal Faucher
Study Guide
Midterm

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SFU
CRIM 103
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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No easy answers
Complexity of crime and criminal behaviour
People are fascinated by it, want to know why it happens
Not all encompassing explanations for criminal behaviour
Use multiple disciplines to broaden our understanding of crime
The importance of theories
What is theory?
Something to base our response on
Formula for complexity
Why do we need theories?
Allows prediction
Theory
Beliefs, information, attitudes, intellectual atmosphere
Never free from influence
Never objective
Underlying assumptions
Context
Socio-political
Intellectual
Conformity
Humans are good, born good, influence by
values of society around us
Nonconformist
Humans are bad, ties to society are weak, to
do whatever that’s good for us, so need to be
controlled
Learning
Behaviour is learned, humans are born
neutral, become whatever they’ve learned
How do we know what we know?
Experience (direct/indirect)
Intuition (we just know)
Common sense
Science
Someone told us
Read about it
What is a good theory?
Testable and fits the research evidence
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Measurement problems
Can’t be too simple
Limit by research available (evidence does not support it)
Quantitative and qualitative validation
Someway to compare or see substance of theory
Popularity
Everyone agrees
Psychological explanations
Can compare to other explanation examples
Sociological
Psychiatric
Focus on concepts, not statics
Psychological criminology is
The science of trying to determine how criminal behaviour is
Acquired
Evoked
Maintained
Modified
The search continues
Earlier
Traits
Personality
Today
Development
Cognitive
Theories of crime have consequences
Theories can range from the abstract to the concrete
Theories are used in everyday life (ex, CJS)
Offenders commit crime
Solution
Spiritual demons/evil
exorcism/execution
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