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CRIM 413 Study Guide - Final Guide: Bar Kokhba Revolt, 1948 Palestinian Exodus, First Zionist Congress

Course Code
CRIM 413
Garth Frazer
Study Guide

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Terrorism- Israel and Palestine 11/22/2011 2:18:00 PM
Why does it matter? Influences everything that happens in the middle east;
effecting their daily lives.
Golan Heights- occupied by Israel since 1967
2 primary Palestine state areas: Gaza strip, West Bank
Talking about all the countries that border around Egypt
Jewish people and Judaism almost thought as directly religious… its not
Ethno-religious group (more cultureism) orientating in the Israelites 12
tribes/ children of Israel
Judaism: traditional faith of the Jewish people (they are the chosen people)
Tanakh: Hebew bible
God revealed is laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai
Torah apart of the jewish bible: these are the first 5 books:
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
1552 or 1312 or ??? BCE: The Exodus: story of the Israelites/slaves leaving
Egypt by moses god made covenant (an agreement) with the chosen
people… (Israel) foundational story of the Jews
1150- 1050: The Biblical Judges: after leaving Egypts, 12 tribes under loose
confederation, but not recognized leader… rough grouping. Biblical judges
were the “wise men”, ppl in community recognized as leaders providing
whatever guidance they could
1020-930 BCE: First Kingdom of Israel : 1 of 2 times that Jews found
themselves in an independent state (United Monarchy). First 3 kings;

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930 BCE- Split between Kingdoms of Israel and Judah: they were still jewish
areas, remained independent until concurred
722 BCE: Israel conquered by Assyrian Empire
586: Judah conquered by Babylonian Empire (beginning of the Diaspora=
the wandering…. Jewish having no identifiable homeland) not just a
conquering but also an expulsion of Jewish people out of an area in
particular Jerusalem
167 BCE: Macabee Revolt: a Jewish rebel army takes control over an area
(Judah) over time, they establish the Hasmonean Dynasty
140- 37 BCE: Hasmonean Dynasty: 2nd time the Jews were able to establish
independent state
63 BCE: Syria becomes Roman province: march of the empire. Roman
making its presence in that area (as a result of the civil wars)
Province: directly administered by Rome
State: still had some level of autonomy, as long as you didn’t cause Rome
37 BCE: Israel becomes Roman client state
6 BCE: Judea incorporated in Roman province of Judaea : directly under
Roman rule
66-70: Great Jewish Revolt: Jews trying to overthrow Roman suppressors,
defeated. Sacarri were apart of the Jewish Revolt
73: Fall of Masada- mass Sicarii suicide as opposed to being taken over by
the Romans that marked the end of the first revolt
132- 135: 2nd major revolt: Bar Kokhba Revolt: revolt put down but Roman
emperor was displeased and renamed Palestine (began as tribal area that
was traditionally enemy of the Jews) and Jerusalem and tries to wipe out
any influence of Jewish people

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638: Arab Muslim conquest of Jerusalem: earliest flash points of hostality
between Judaism and Islam
700-1250: Gaonic Era: where there were very few Jews living in Muslim
(large chunk of the known world… muslims controlled a lot of it) world, jews
went to southern Europe and outskirts of Muslim areas
history of persecutions and tribulations: by state: bias crimes against, hate
crimes against etc
1894- 1906: Dreyfus Affair: French captain accused of treason… turns out
was Jewish… solitary on island.. not guilty.. though French gov concealed it.
Affair strongly divided France, which resulted in Anti Semitism (anti- Jewish)
Zionism: political movement aimed at having a Jewish only state
Herzl: (journalist): leading light in Zionist movement… advocating for
establishment of Jewish homeland. (need for security within own state for
the Jews only way to be safe)
1897: First Zionist Congress convened (Basel- Switzerland): ideas of
Zionism is articulated.
1916: British empire suggests to groups of Ottoman (last of large Muslim
empire) empire, Brits promised Syria and Lebanon, if Ottomans were
defeated, these areas would become independent after the war
1917: Balfour Declaration: allows for recognition of Zionist movement.
Which suggest there should be jewish nations in area that is now Palenstine.
Deep sense of betrayal for the Arab people said oh you will have a Jewish
country in the middle of your Muslim world
1921- 1939: Uprisings in Palestine: everybody unhappy. As result of Balfour,
Jews pour into Palestine: UK started saying how many jews were allowed
into Palestine. Palestine unhappy because Jews moving in, and Jews
unhappy because they aren’t allowed in.
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