-this book is about philosophy theories or education...with arguments, presentation, etc..
-thinker include...plato, aristole, rousseau, dewey
-contemporary theorists include...marin luther king, maxine greene, nel noddings, parker palmer
-exposes views of women and minorities...ideas that were ignored in the past
-each chapter ends with questions for us to think about..like a rhetorical question?
anthology: gathered works of writing, passages, poems, etc...which reflects interests, value,
perspectives, biases..open to criticism
Differing Perspectives on what it means to be Educated
The Fallible Human Being:
-some say the ideal educated person as the 'battle for the mind'
~this 'battle' has history...
~started when Athenians killed Socrates for destroying the youth of his teaching
~Athenians thought Socrates as a wise man. Socrates said he was a teacher unlike any kind
~Socrates awareness of his ignorance made him wiser than other 'fallible humans' who claimed to be
wise..so he spent his life questioning these people and revealed their ignorance
~Socrates helped others to see their own mistakes..eg: told students not to think but improve thinking
by finding out problems or weaknesses in their reasoning
~this is done by using such discoveries to improve themselves...by recognizing and learn from our
ignorance: lack of knowledge
fallible: able to make mistakes..humans make mistakes.
-noticed we humans are labeled fallible. -i agree
-we learn from our mistakes. I agree
The Critic or Gadfly(annoying person)
-ever since socrates 'critic' and 'teaching', athens accused him, tried, convicted, sentenced to drink
hemlock(poison)..but socrates refuse to leave city..so dies there
-Plato thinks intellects in Athens were in 'trouble'/vulnerable
-Plato labeled himself as the all-knowing philosopher king..not a critic
-argues that there's a universal reality and it is possible for people to achieve certain knowledge
through many years ..aka extremely thorough studying....
-real world/world of ideas is accessed by using our intellect/senses
-the soul (mind) must reach true reality through understanding, while vision is an unreal distraction,
and any "sight into your soul" produces false vision
-he says to those who know the truth, they will be the guardian for those who don't know the ultimate
truth...says that everyone will benefit when the truly wise are in charge
-agrees with Socrates that intellects should be teachers, but to him, education is to find and guide the
intellects and socialize those less intellects into lesser roles in life...(only a few should share the political
Terms: vulnerable: in a position where they may be attacked/harmed (emo