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Study Guide

GEOG 100- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 40 pages long!)


Department
Geography
Course Code
GEOG 100
Professor
Andrew Perkins
Study Guide
Final

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SFU
GEOG 100
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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GEOG100 Lecture 1 Notes 1
Geography can be thought of as the discipline that analyzes the phenomena spatially distributed on
Earth (writings on the earth, writings of the earth).
Physical: Natural processes and outcomes
Human: Spatial organization of human activities
Spatial and Geographic Information Science: Cartography, spatial analysis, spatial modeling
Tools and methods of geography
Observation & Data Gathering
o Primary / secondary data
o Fieldwork / Interviews
o Archival searches
Representation of Data
o Visualization & description
Data Analysis
o Models / Theories / Reasoning
Maps: two dimensional graphic representations of the world that use symbols to convey information or
ideas about spatial relationships. (Social products)
Topographic Maps: Represent the form of the earths surface
Thematic Maps: Isolines, proportional symbols, dot
Map scale: ration of distance on map and distance on earths surface.
Verbal: one centimetre equals one kilometre
Representative Fraction: 1/100000 or 1:100,000,000
Small-Scale: 1:10,000,000
Large-Scale: 1:1000
Map projection: curved earth / flat surface
Necessary Distortion: Cannot perfectly preserve Earths geometry
Equidistant: Preserve distance
Conformal: Preserve compass directions
Space
Social production of space: the collective meanings and practices associated with space.
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GEOG100 Lecture 1 Notes 2
Spatial analysis
Location
o Nominal: Place names (e.g. Simon Fraser University, Burnaby campus)
o Absolute: Fixed mathematically (e.g. SFU: 49° 16 45N; 122°5431W)
o Relative: Site & situation (e.g. SFU is on a mountain, east of Vancouver)
o Cognitive: Experiential (e.g. SFU is ?)
Distance
o The first law of geography: Everything is related to everything else, but near things are
more related than distant things (Waldo Tobler).
o Friction of Distance: The inhibiting effect of distance
Space
o Absolute: Mathematical space
o Topological: Connectivity between locations
Accessibility
o Relative location
o Opportunity for contact or interaction
Spatial interaction
o Flows between locations
o Complimentarity: demand/supply
o Transferability: friction of distance
Time-space convergence (compression)
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