English and Fishery
- English Shore- Migratory ﬁshery fromWest of England
- French were there too,modern Labrador and NFL.Lost to land to English in
war but still had ﬁshing rights.
- English shore:where the english would come ashore to cure(salt) their ﬁsh.
- after awhile,started to leave crews behind,and led to more English staying.
The Fishery at NFL
- Protein for Europe
- English dried ﬁsh on shore
- mostly migratory,17th century
- Few remained through winter early on
- increasing effort to stay on island
- conﬂict between those who want to maintain migratory ﬁshery and those who
want to settle.
Early Colonization 17th C
- Most ofﬁcial attempts failed
- lack of capital
- poor agriculture
- Pirates and French and Dutch privateers(get consent from govt) everywhe
-Anti-settlement lobby,West Country,where migratory ﬁshery was set up.
- settlement near shoreline was banned at one point;no settlement.
- Little government support
- Some English and Irish ﬁshers remained.
- By late 1600s approved settlement,starting to pick up cheap labour from
Increasing stablity 18th C
- French threat removed,1713
- Offshore bank ﬁshery developed to increase range of ﬁshing
- minor trappings of governance
- Still primarily ﬁshing station not a colony
- English govt doesn't really want them there but need some type of governance.
- 1729,governor appointed,migratory governor,wasn't required to stay in NFL. 1660
- Radisson and Groseilliers came up with idea of shipping from Hudson Bay
- French authorities didn't approve and rejected them
- Radisson and Groseilliers then went to sell their idea to the English
- English agreed because of the high quality of fur up north.
- Charter,1670,Charles II
- Exclusive right to trade with Natives in Rupert's land (all the land framing the
rivers all the way to Hudson Bay)
- Prince Rupert was one of the principal investors
- Company was to give the monarch two elk and two beaver whenever he
arrived in the land.
- posts forming along Hudson Bay
- idea that natives would come down river