Immigration to Maritimes after 1815
- Push factors (reasons that push one to leave their country)
-- economic recession
-- landlord oppression : raised rents to get rid of people for further industrialization.
-- religious discrimination : Catholics and protestants from different sector.
-- exclusion from politics
- Pull Factors()
-- socio-economic advancement: politics
Maritimes: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, PEI
-- commerce, timber trade in New Brunswick , shipbuilding, agriculture
-- timber trade, agriculture, politics, religious tensions
- Wales, Europe, Africa, Asia
-- immigration was easy: timber in New Brunswick exported to Britain, empty spaces for
immigrants on the way back
mostly went to Nova Scotia and PEI commercial economy, 1815-1860s
- boom in economy
-- carrying trade
-- manufacturing and food processing
- raliway: first one built in 1839
- still ""self-sufficient"families-- farming, fishing, hunting
- Bartering, not cash
- "Truck system"
-- labour--- supplies, equipment
-- workers bound to merchants
- paternalism, patriarchy, deference
- deference to social superiors
- women, children subordinates in formal law.
-- womens' informal power: within household, women were contributing a lot, and had more
influence than public thought they had
- Anglican, Cathoilc, Presbyterian
-- disliked hierarchical structures, individual communication with God.
- schools, newspapers, charities, mission--- work of churches, govt not involved yet.
- Religion bled into local politics
-- anglo-prot/irish catholic tensions.
- Competing ideologies:
-- conservatism: small elite holding power and property
-- Liberalism: power for all men of property, still a small group, but not as small as
-- Egalitarianism: more inclusive democracy, equality for every man, regardless of how
much property they own.
-- Socialism: e