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hist 13.pdf

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Simon Fraser University
HIST 101
Willeen Keough

Discontent in Lower Canada - agricultural crisis - declining standard of living - political frustrations of Francophone middle class - habitants' anger -- lack of access to land --- granted to speculators Parti canadien - "Patriots" after 1826 - Frustrated,lack of access to patronage - dominated LC's assembly - no to united Canada -- ploy to anglicize LC - Protect French language and culture - some anglophone support 3:40 Papineau's 92 resolutions,1834 - Exec.council respresent assembly,elected by assembly - elected legislative council - assembly control appointments and salaries --- not met Road to Rebellion - demands not met - patriotes formed fils de la liberte - called for -- constitutional convention,economic boycott run b women,rallies,petitions - harrassed govt officials to resign Rebellion and outcome - outbreak november 1837 - rebels easily defeated - patriote leaders fled to US - regrouped,second attempt in 1838 - rebels defeated - rebel centres burned and looted - mass arrests,hanging and deportation of leaders Discontent in Upper Canada - lack of access to patronage - power of established church - system of clergy reserves - lack of access to land--- all given to conservative ruling class. Family Compact - conservative,powerful ruling class - resisted land reforms - protected Church of England - refused to abolish clergy reserves - amassed large land grants - monopolized government positions. Reformers n Upper canada - moderates:led byW.W.and son Robert Baldwin,wanted appointed cabinet responsible to majority in assembly - radicals:led byWilliam Lyon Mackenzie,wanted elected executive council - didn't always dominate assembly -- in-fighting -- conservatives had support of recent british immigrants who feared "american"nature and radical reforms. Rebellion and Outcome - launched dec 1837 -- british troops fighting rebels in LC - rebels defeated -- poorly organized and armed -- poor communications - mass arrests;some escaped - border attacks in 1838 unsuccessful - more arrests,hanging,deportations. A complex picture - class
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